comprising nearly one-third of the area, is black cotton soil. Of the
remainder, mixed soils occupy about two-thirds and red land one-third.
It is one of the flattest tdluks in the District, for its many undulations
are of the long and low variety, and only in two places in the south
can it be said to be broken by hills. The whole drains ultimately into
the Tungabhadra, the eastern half by way of the Chikka Hagari. It is
perhaps the healthiest part of the District. The abrupt decline which
occurred in the number of its inhabitants between 1891 and igoi was
due to the fact that in the former year the Census fell upon a date on
which large crowds of pilgrims from Bombay and Mysore were assembled
at the great festival at Mailâr, and consequently the population as then
enumerated was greatly above the normal. Cholam and korra are the
staple crops ; but cotton is raised on a considerable area in the south,
and castor also is extensively grown. The large acreage of horse-gram,
a crop which will grow on the poorest land with the lightest rainfall,
and the fact that the population per acre of cultivated land is lower
than in any other Oluk, show, however, that the land is not fertile.
Hadgaon.-Northern tdluk of Nânder District, Hyderabad State,
with an area Of 476 square miles. It is separated from the Bâsim
District of Berar by the Pengangâ river. The population in igoi, in-
cluding jdgirs, was 50,422, compared with 86,590 in 1891, the decrease
being the result of the famine of igoo. Till recently it had 161 villages,
of which 20 were jdgir, and Hadgaon (population, 1,712) is its head-
quarters. The land revenue in rgoi was 2 lakhs. The soils consist
chiefly of regar and alluvium. In r905 a number of villages were
transferred to this tdluk from Nânder.
Hadiaya.-Town in the nizdmat and tahsil of Anâhadgarh, Patiala
State, Punjab, situated in 30° 19′ N. and 75° 34′ E., 4 miles south of
Barnâla. Population (1900, 5,44, compared with 6,834 in î88r,
a decrease due to the rising importance of Barnâla. It has a small
trade in grain, and some manufacture of iron and carts. . The town has
a police post.
Hadol.-Petty State in MAH! KANTHA, Bombay.
Hafizabad Tahsil.-Tahsil of Gujrânwâla District, Punjab, lying
between 31° 45′ and 32° 20′ N. and 73° 10′ and 73° 50′ E., on the east
bank of the Chenâb, with an area of 894 square miles. In 1893
thirteen estates were transferred from this tahsil to Jhang. Other minor
changes in boundaries were made, and lastly, the new tahsil of Khangâh
Dogran was formed out of the southern part. The population in lgor
was 216,666, compared with 237,397 for the undivided tahsil in 1891.
It contains the town of HAFIZABAD (population, 4,597) the head-
quarters; and 393 villages. The land revenue and cesses in 1903-4
amounted to Rs. 3,oo,ooo. The tahsil consists of a riverain belt along
the Chenab, the Bŕngar uplands with alight soil and fair facilities for