Since the famine the District has recovered rapidly, and in rgoi it was
noted that unskilled labour was difficult to obtain.
The Deputy-Commissioner is usually assisted by a member of the
Indian Civil Service (when available), and by four
Deputy-Collectors recruited in India. Two officers Administration.
of the Opium department are stationed in the District, and a tahsilddr
is in charge of each tahsil.
Civil work is disposed of by two Munsifs and a Subordinate judge
subordinate to the judge of Hardoï, who is also Civil and Sessions
Judge for Unao. Hardoi is not remarkable for any particular form
of crime, though murders were formerly frequent. Dacoity of a pro-
fessional type is prevalent at intervals. Wandering tribes, especially
Habdrds, are responsible for many offences against property; and the
District is the home of about soo families of Barwars, who commit
their depredations at a distance.
Under the, Nawâb's government the revenue demand of the District
was 14.61akhs, and this was taken as the basis of the summary settle-
ment made at annexation in x856. After the Mutiny a second
summary settlement was made, the demand amounting to 10-2 lakhs
with cesses. A survey and regular settlement followed between 1860
and 1871, which involved the determination of a vast number of suits
for rights in land. The assessment was based partly on estimates
of the agricultural produce, and partly on assumed rent-rates derived
from personal inquiries. The revenue so fixed amounted to 14,3 lakhs ;
but before the settlement had been confirmed a series of bad years
occurred, and a revision took place in 1874 by which the demand was
reduced to 13•3 lakhs. The next settlement was made between 1892
and 1896, arid was primarily based on the recorded rents. The pro-
posed demand was 16-1 lakhs; but owing to the succession of bad
seasons during and after the assessment it was decided to make a com-
plete revision, which accordingly took place between sgoo and 1902,
and the demand was reduced by Rs. 48,ooo. The revenue in 1903-4
amounted to 15-8 lakhs, with an incidence of R. 1 per acre, varying
from R. 0-7 to Rs. 1-5 in different _Parganas.
Collections on account of land revenue and revenue from all sources
have been, in thousands of rupees:--
. I 16,37
1900-1. 1, 1903-4.
Three towns are administered as municipalities and two as `notified
areas,' while four more are under the provisions of Act XX of 1856.
Vol.. XIrr. J