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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 333.

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4565 The density of population is 93 persons per square mile.
The chief towns are INDORE CITY (population, including the Agent to
the Governor-General's Camp or Residency limits, 97,804), the canton-
ment of MHOW (36,039), RAMPURA (8,273), KHARGON (7,624), MA-
HESHWAR (7,04.2), MEHIDPUR (6,681), BARWAHA (6,094), BHANPURA
(4,639), and TARANA (4,490) There are also 3,089 villages in the
charge. The Resident has his head-quarters in the .Agent to the
Governor-General's Camp at Indore city.
Indore State (Indur)-Native State in the Central :India Agency,
under the Resident at Indore, lying between 21° 22′ and 26° 3′ N. and
74° 30′ and 78° 51′ R., with an area Of 9,500 square miles, including
the isolated pargana of Nandwas or Nandwai (area 36 square miles),
which lies geographically in Rajputana. It is bounded on the north
by Gwalior State; on the east, by the States of Dewas and Dhar and
the Nimar District of the Central Provinces;, on the south by the
Khandesh District of the Bombay Presidency ; and on the west by the
States of Barwani and Dhar. The State takes its name from its capital,
originally the small village of Indreshwar or Indore, which was first
raised to a place of importance in the eighteenth century, and after
1818 became the permanent seat of the Holkar family.
The State is formed of several detached tracts, of which the largest
and most compact lies south of the Narbada river. These tracts may
be conveniently divided into two main sections,
which correspond to the natural divisions of the physical
plateau and the hilly tract. The plateau section
comprises the portion which lies in Malha proper, and is included in
country in this section, except for the range lying north of Rampura
and some scattered hills in the Mehidpur district and Petlawad par-
gana, is typical Of MALWA generally. The hilly tract, which comprises
the NIMAR and NEMXWAR districts, lies partly on and partly south
of the great Vindhyan scarp, the Nimar district including also a portion
of the Satpura range. The plateau section has an area of 4,320 square
miles, the hilly tract an area of 5,143 square miles. Besides these two
sections, the small isolated pargana of ALAMPUR in Bundelkhand, with
an area Of 37 square miles, owes its existence solely to the presence
in it of the cenotaph of Malhar Rao Holkar. The great Vindhyan
range, which almost bisects the State, determines its watershed. All the
streams north of this barrier flow towards the Jumna-Ganges dodb, the
chief stream being the CHAMBAL, with its tributaries, the SIPRA and
lesser and greater KALI SIND. To the south of the Vindhyas lies
the NARBADA river; with its numerous tributaries.
1 Very little is known concerning the geology of the territories that
' By Mr. E. Vredenburg, Geological Survey of India.
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