tdluk head-quarters has a small conservancy establishment; the District
and tâluk boards manage the municipalities as well. The local board
expenditure in 19or was Rs. 71,725. The District Engineer has
charge of all the roads and buildings constructed or maintained by
the Public Works department. The Irrigation Engineer superintends
the repair and construction of irrigation works.
The First Tâlukdar is the head of the police administration, with
the Superintendent (Mohtaminz) as his executive deputy.. Under him
are io inspectors, 115 subordinate officers, 684 constables, and 25
mounted police, distributed among 45 thŕzzas and 43 outposts, except
the mounted police who are at head-quarters.
The fort of Indűr has been converted into a Central jail, and
receives convicts sentenced to more than six months' imprisonment
from the Districts of Medak, Mahbűbnagar, Bidar, and Sirpur Tândur.
In igoi there were 496 convicts in the Central jail. Female convicts
are sent to the Warangal Central jail, as there is no separate accom
modation here. Shatranjis, cotton-tweeds, counterpanes, towels, khjki
cloth, &c., are manufactured in large quantities. Tailors', carpenters',
and blacksmiths' workshops are also at work, besides a printing press.
All the cloth required for the convicts is manufactured in the jail, and
surplus products are sold.
The District occupies a medium place as regards the literacy of its
population, of whom 2•r per cent. (4-r males and o-2 females) were
able to read and write in i9oi. The total number of pupils under
instruction in 1881, i89i, i9oi, and î9o3 was 226, 1,496, 1,994, and
2,476 respectively. In 1903 there were 44 primary schools and one
middle school, with 103 girls under instruction. The total expenditure
on education in î9o1 amounted to Rs. 12,278, of which Rs. ro,864
was met by the State and the remainder by local boards. The sum
derived from fees was Rs. 780.
The District contained six dispensaries in igoi, with accommodation
for 25 in-patients. The cases treated in that year numbered 30,794,
of whom 142 were in-patients, and 612 operations were performed.
The total expenditure amounted to Rs. 15,086, of which Rs. 13,694
was paid by the State and the balance was met from Local funds.
The number of persons successfully vaccinated in i9oi was i;iio, or
1•75 per i,ooo of the population.
Indus (Sanskrit, Sindhu; Greek, Sinthos; Latin, Sindhs).-The
great river of North-Western India, which rises in Tibet, and then flows
through Kashmir, the North-west Frontier Province, and the Punjab,
and after a final course through Sind falls into the Arabian Sea in
23° 58′ N. and 67° 30′ E. The drainage basin of the Indus is esti-
mated at 372,700 square miles, and its total length at a little over
i,8oo miles. The towns of importance on or near its banks in British