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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 382.

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by Jodhpur and the British District of Ajmer ; on the south by the
Sh‚hpura chiefship, and the States of Udaipur, Bfmdi, Tonk, Kotah,
and Gwalior ; and on the east by Karauli, Bharatpur, and Alwar. The
head-quarters of the Resident are at Jaipur. The population has
varied: (r88Ó) 2,642,457, (1891) 2,952,842, and (1901) 2,752,307
The decrease of nearly 7 per cent. during the last decade was due to
the famine of 1899-I9oo, and to a severe outbreak of malarial fever in
the autumn of I9oo. The total area is 16,456 square miles, and the
density of population 167 persons per square mile, as compared with
76 for the Agency as a whole. Although fourth in size among the
political divisions of R‚jput‚na, the Residency ranks first as regards
population. In 19or Hindus formed nearly 91 per cent. of the total,
and Musalm‚ns 7 per cent. There were also 956 Christians (including
394 natives).
The following table gives details for the States and chiefship forming
the Residency :-
Normal land re.
State. Area in square Population, renue (kh‚lsa),
miles. 1901. in thousands
of rupees.
- -_ 2,658,666 42,00
Jaipur . _-151579
Kishangarh . 858 90,970 1150
Lhwa (chiefship) . 19 2,671 10
Total 16,456 2,752.307 43160
There are altogether 5,959 villages and 41 towns. The largest towns
are JAIPUR CITY (16o,I67), SIKAR (21,523), FATEHPUR (16,393),
KISHANGARH (12,663), NAWALGARH (12,315), JHUNJHUNU (12,279),
HINDAUN (rl,938), and R¬MGARH (11,023).
Jaipur State.--State in the north-east and east of R‚jput‚na, lying
between 25° 41′ and 28° 34′ N. and 74° 41′ and 77° 13′ E. Its area is
15,579 square miles, and it is consequently the fourth largest of the
R‚jput‚na States. It is bounded on the north by Bikaner, Loh‚ru,
and Patiala, while its detached district of Kot K‚sim adjoins the
Rew‚ri tahsil of Gurgaon District and the State of Nablia ; on the west
by Bikaner, Jodhpur, Kishangarh, and the British District of Ajmer;
on the south by Udaipur, Bandi, Tonk, Kotah, and Gwalior; and on
the east by Karauli, Bharatpur, and Alwar. The country is for the
most part fairly level and open, although its surface is crossed and
Physical diversified by groups and ranges of hills, and by iso-

aspects. lated peaks. The centre of the State is an elevated
table-land of triangular form, from 1,400 to I,6oo
feet above sea-level. The base of this triangle is a line running
west from Jaipur city; the eastern side consists of ranges of hills
running north and south along the Alwar border; while the apex is
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