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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 383.


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JA IPUR S2"ATE 383
formed by -a broken chain of hills, a portion of the ARAVALLI range,
which runs from near the S‚mbhar Lake in a north-easterly direction
as far as Khetri. These hills attain a considerable height, the loftiest
peak being Raghun‚thgarh (3,450 feet above the sea), and form
a natural boundary between the sandy desert tract of SHEKHAWATI
to the north and the fertile plains of Jaipur proper to the south and
south-east. Westward from the capital, the country rises gradually
towards the Kishangarh border, consisting in great measure of broad,
open, treeless plains, dotted here and there with hills. In the extreme
south the hills reappear; and in the neighbourhood of R‚jmahal, where
the Ban‚s river has forced its way through the range, the scenery is
remarkable for its beauty. The south-eastern portion of the State has
many ranges of low hills, and near the Karauli border is much inter-
sected by ravines, while to the east of the capital there is a rapid
fall of from 300 to 400 feet within the first two or three miles,
after which a gradual slope follows the valley of the B‚ngang‚ river
to the Bharatpur border.
The BANAS, the principal river of Jaipur, flows for about rio miles
through, or along the borders of, the State. It has numerous tributaries,
such as the Dain, the M‚shi, the Dhil, the Galwa, and the Morel.
The CHAMGAL merely forms the south-eastern boundary of the State,
separating it from Kotah and Gwalior territory. The BANGANGA is for
about go miles a river of Jaipur, flowing first in a south-easterly direction
and then almost due east. Among other rivers are the B‚ndi, a tribu-
tary of the M‚shi ; the DhŻnd and Khťri, tributaries of the Morel;
the Aman-i-Sh‚h, which supplies Jaipur city with drinking-water, and
joins the DhŻnd ; the Mendha, which flows into the S‚mbhar Lake;
the S‚bi or Sahibi, which flows north-east into Alwar, and thence
through Kot K‚sim, into Gurgaon; and lastly the K‚ntli or K‚tli,
which, after a northerly course of some, 6o miles through Shekh‚wati,
loses itself in the sand just within the Bikaner border. Almost all the
minor rivers are dry during the hot months. The only natural lake
of any importance is the salt lake at SAMBHAR, the eastern portion of
which is the joint property of the Jaipur and Jodhpur Darbars.
A considerable part of the State is covered with alluvium, but in
the northern and eastern districts large areas are occupied by schists
belonging to the Aravalli system, resting on gneiss and overlaid by
quartzites of the Delhi system. Intrusive granite is common in the
':rorawati hills in the north-east. Copper is found at KHRTRi and
SINGHANA at the northern end of the Aravalli range; at the former
place the ore occurs in schists, and at the latter in the Alwar quartzites.
Nickel and cobalt are found at Babai (7 miles south of Khetri) in
association with copper pyrites disseminated through the slates, the ore
being known as sehta. At Karwar' near Hindaun iron occurs in the
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