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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. Introductory Notes.

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V !-Soundr
a has the.scund of a in' woman.'
u has the sound of a in' father.'
e has the vowel-sound in 'grey.'
i has the sound ofi in'pin.'
I has the sound ofi in, police.'
o has the sound of o in ' bone.
u has the sound of. in' bull.'
n has the sound of u in 'Awe.'
ai has the vowelsound in 'mine.'
an has the vowel-sound in ' house.'
It should be stated that no attempt has been made to distinguisb
between the long and short sounds of e and o n the Dravidisn
languages, which pase s the vowel-and, i ' bet' and 'hot' in
addition to those give above. No, has it been thought a sary
to mark vowels as long in cases where mistakes in pronunciation
were not likely to he wade.
Most Indian languages bave dnHerent forms for a number of co
ants, such as d, f, , &c., marked in ieinific works by the u
of doll or italics. As the Ruropean r distinguishes these with
difieuhy in ordinary pronunciation, it has bcen considered undesir
able to embarrass the reader with them; and only tw as are.
required. In the first place, the Arabie k, a strong guttural, has
been rep-rued by k instead of q, which is mften used. Secondly,.
it should be remarked that aspirated eonsonatve are common; and,.
o particul r, dk and th (except in Burma) never have the sound of
th in 'this' or 'thin,' bat sh ald be piamunced as in ' woodhouse':
and ' boathook.'
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