and of adoption, and s ess7on follows the role of primogeniture.
He has power to try his o subjects for capital offences. He m
tains a force of 43 horse and 214 foot soldiers; and he pays to the
British Government a tribute of Rs. 11,516. The e t 1903-4
early 5~5 laklu,, of which 4-4 laklis was derivedfront the land;
and the expenditure was about 5 lakhs. A survey w introduced in
the State in 1881-s. The State possesses si municipalities, the
largest being Jamkhandi with a 7 of Rs an
d i d the
smallest Hunnur with an in of Ra. 600 In 1903-4 there weed
4s schools, including an English school, and the total number of pupils
1,588. The State has a Cental jail and 4 subordinate jails, with
a daily average of 36 prisoners in 19.3-4 ; and one hospital and three
dispensaries, which treated 38,too patients. In the same year about
2,3oo persons were vaccinated.
Jamkhandi Town,Capďml of the State of the same name in
Bombay, situated in 16° 30′ N. and 75° 22′ E., 70 miles north-east of
Belgaum, an7d 68 miles cast of Kolhapun Population (1907), 13,029.
Jamkhandi ' icipality, with a income in 1903-4 of about
Rs. sgooo. The town has about 500 looms and an extensive trade in
silk cloths. It contains a high school and a hospital. An annual
fair is held in honour of the god Un7a Rzmeshwar, lasting for six days
and attended by 20,00. people.
Jamkhed.-Taluka of Ahmadnsgar District, Bombay, in the sančh-
east c of the District, surrounded by the Nisam's Dominions
The largest compact portion lies between 18° 33′ and 18° 52′ N. and
75° 11′ and 75° 35′ E. The a tea is 460 square miles, and the tdluk˘
contains one town, KHARDA (population, 5,930), and 75 villages. The
1mad-yuarters are at Jamkhed. The population in r9ox was 64,e53,
compared with 76,208 in 1891, the decrease being due to famine.
The density, 140 persmrs per square mite, is above the District
crag,. The demand for land revenue in 1903-4 was one lakh, and
for cesaca Rs. 7,000. Most of the villages are situated in the valley of
the Sins, and a few on the Balaghat, an elevated and bare table-land,
which gradually subsides eastward to the general level of the Decca.
and is watered by a tributary of the Godavari. Several streams ris,
in the small spurs which jut from the E3laghat range, the most notable
being the Indiana, which falls in a fine cascade, 219 feet high, tlrrougb
wne to the north-east of Jamkhed village. Whereas the soil of the
Sf avalley is deep and difficult to work, that of the Balaghat is of
lighter texture and repays cultivation; while the country lying between
this range and the boundary of Shevgaon is exnemely fertile and well-
watered, except in the vicinity of the Sma river, where the rainfall is
certain. The climate of Jamkhed is healthy, and the annual rainfall
averages about 26 inches.