JAMMU POWN 40
the ChiNāvati, was totally destroyed by flood. Eno,mous fmshes came
down both ri . s simultaneously and carried away the whole place,
drowning about 5- of its inhabitants. On the morning of Septem-
ber rgo2 sudden deluge of min wept away two span of the
railway bridge near the Mangapatnam railway station, with the result
that the mail train was precipitated into the gap and seventy-one lives
re lost. The KURN00L-CUDDAPAH CANAL touches the north-east
corner of the tdlak.
Jammalamadugu Town.-Headquarters of the subdivision and
,JGek of the same name in Cuddapah District, Madras, situated in
14° 51′ N. And 78° 14′ E., on the left bank of tire Penn, river.
Population (1901), x3,852. It is a busy centre of trade, with large
exports of indigo and cotton. Cloths a also manufactured on hand-
loo The Lax-festival of Narapumswami, held in May, continues for
ten days and is attended by many people from surrounding villages.
The place is a station of the London Missionary Society, which
possesses a fine hospital, and also of the Society for the Propagation
of the Gospel.
Jammu Province.-Province in Kashmir State. See KASUerr.
AND JAMHD STATR.
Jammu Town.-Capital of the ]am,, province, Kashmir State,
and the winter head-quarters of the Maha,aja, situated in 32° 44′ N.
and 74° 55′ E., at an elevation of r,- feet above sea- level. Popula
tion (c9-1), 36,,30. It lies high on the right bank of the river TAwi,
which9ows it r ravine to join the Chenab. The tow, coven
a space of abouto e square mile, densely packed with single-stomyed
houses of round stories and ad with flat tops. In the upper portion
superior house, of brick, and in the Month stand the State offices
and the palaces of the Maha,aja and his brother. The general effect
of Jam trikmg; and from a distance the whitewashed temples,
with their gilded pinnacles, suggest a splendour which is dispelled
oil nearer acquaintance. The most conspicuous of the temples is
Raghunathjl, but like all the other buildings in Jammu it is common
place. The Dogras have little taste in architecture, and are essentially
ec iral and practical in their ideas of domestic comfort.
The railway, which tuns to SiAlkot, a distance of about 27 miles,
starts from the left bank of the Tawi. The river is spanned by a fine
.aspen u bridge, and a good cart- mad tuns from the bridge as far as
the Mandi. The other streets are maaon, and irregular, and there is
nothing of striking interest. Of late years the construction of water-
works, the opening of the can-road to the Mandi, the suspension
bridge over the Tawi, and the railway extension from Sialkot have
improved the conditions of life in Jam ; but there has are, no
marked response either in population or it, prosperity.