JAUNPUR DISTRICT 73
are of special interest as being the only examples of these edicts in the
Madras Presidency. Old pottery and tiles abound within the fort wall;
numbers of copper coins have been found, some of which are assigned
to the first century n.a. ; and an old temple has been discovered buried
under debris and earth.
Jaulna.-Taluh and town in Amangabad District, Hyderabad State.
Jaunpur District.-North-western District of the Benares Division,
United Provinces, lying between 25° 24′ and 26° 12′ N. and 82° 7′
and 83° 5′ E., with an area of 1,551 square miles. In shape it is an
,regular triangle, with the southern boundary as base, and the eastern
and western boundaries running up to a blunt apex in the north.
The boundaries are formed-on the south by AlIadhlbàd,. Mhsapm,
and Senates; on tire east by Ghasipn, and Ammgarh; on the north
by Sultanpur; and on the west by Manes, and Putlibgarb.- Jaunin,
District forms put of the Ganged, plain, but is slightly irregular in
omouq with a series of undulating slopes. This
apparent diversity rot ..dace i ,,ased by the pyysicalnods.
of lofty o
t unds utter,covered with ee
groves, which mark the sees of ruined or deserted towns, the relics
of a forgotten we, or the demolished forts of the modern inhabirams.
The entire area is very highly cultivated, and the village. sites are small
Zand scattered about at short intervals. While the country' is well
wouded, the trees are seldom planted together in groves. The District
is divided into two unequal parts by. the sinuous channel of the Gumtç
a tributary of tire Ganges, which flows past the capital city,. end cuts off
ne-third of the area to the northeast. It is a considerable river and
crossed by -a fine old stone bridge at Jaunpur, and by a railway.,
bridge two miles tower down. The Gumtr is liable to great' and
sudden floods. While its ordinary rise seldom s eeds r5 feet,. it rose
z3,, feet in fourteen days in September, 1871, and was 37 feet above its
dry-season level: There are no streams of importance north of the
Gumti; but it receives the Sai fro., the south, and a smaller affluent,
called the Pill Nadi. The Bama divides Mirsapur from Jaunpur and
has a small tributary, called the Basuhi.
Jumper epos notlrlng but Gangetic, alluvium, in which karuéa> or
calcareous limestone and salihe efdmsscençes are' the only minerals
The flora of the District does not differ from that of the Gangetic
plain generally. The mango, mahvirs, .rhlrbu.. (Dalle g,,, Si-),
various figs, and the Lbal
a (A-d, aFab,i,) a e the., nest trees:
Aeeed called rasni or balsumi (Plurhea. lonaulato), which Stows in
light soil, is of some hind-cc to cultivation.
Owing to the densay of the population and the absence of forests or