to enish the rising power, but without success. MubAmk Shah died in
r4or and was succeeded by his brother, Ibrahim Shah, who, like his
uecessors, was a builder of magnificent mosques and a patron of learn.
i g. In 1407 Ibrahtm achieved his desire and took Kanauj, Sambhal,
and Be- (Bulandshahr), He was approaching Delhi when nam
me that Muref. Shah (1) of Gujarat had defeated Hoshang Shah of
MIIlwÓ, and had designs on Jaunpur. Ibr6bfm therefore withdrew;
giving up his new acquisitions of Sambhul and Bar,,. By 1414, Khiir
Khan acquired the supreme power at Delhi. Ibrahtm was thus for
a time free from danger in that quarter, and set out in 1427 to attack
Kilo,, but was opposed by Mubarak Shah, who bad succeeded Khiir
Khan in r4sr. He made another unsuccessful attempt in 1432, and
also invaded Bengal and other adjoining territory. Ibrahim died in
r44o, and was succeeded by his son Mahmud, who was allowed by the
king of Mxlwa to attack KÔlpi in 1444, in order to punish an impious
governor. Mahmud attempted to retain this fief, but was compelled
to resign it. He then sacked Chunar and laid waste Orissa, and in
1452 advanced to Delhi during the absence of Bahlol Lodt, who.
had ascended the throne a year earlier. Bahlol returned and Gfahmud
retired ; but a few years later hostilities again broke out and continued
till Mahmud's death in 1459. His eldest son, Muhammad Shah, was
killed after a few months and was succeeded by another son called
Hus n Shah. For e years Hus confined his me ... here re,
Orissa, or, to Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand; but at length he too
undertook to invade Delhi, and lost his kingdom in the venture. The
first expedition took place i 1473, and during the next few years
fortune inclined now to one side and now to the other. In 1480, how.
er, Husain was twice defeated in the Central Doab, and Jaunpur fell.
Husa maintained hostilities i various directions, and i 1487
recovered Jaunpur for a time, butwassoon driven out again, and
Barbak Shah, son of Bablol, became governor. Bahlol died in 1489
and was succeeded by his son, Sikandar; Barbak Shah also claimed
the throne, and was defeated, but restored to his governorship. Revolta
continued, and Husain Shah made a final effort about 1496, but w
repelled and died a few years later. When Ibrahtm, last of the Lodes,
as defeated and killed by Baba, at Parapet in 1526, Bahadur Khan,
the governor of Bihar and Jaunpur, asserted his independence; but
after the fall Of Age. and Delhi, Babar sent his son Humayun eastward.
The Mughal rule was not, however, firmly established, and the Pathans
under She, Shah and his successors governed the country for a time.
On the revival of Mughal power, Jumper fell before Akba,s general
n 1559, and. remained in the Mughal empire till its break up, al,.
though rebellions took place soon after the capture of the city. Arch,
eorganieation of the empire in 1575 AllahÓbad became the capital of
VOL. XIV. F