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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 149.


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JHA.'VZI 149
Jhansi is picturesquely-situated-round the fort, which crowns a rocky
bill. It is a walled city, but has lately been opened up by roads, and
a spacious, handsome market-place, called Hardygunj after a recent
District officer, has been constructed. An excellent water supply. is
obtained from five large wells sunk in the rock towards the close of
the. eighteenth century. Besides the ordinary courts there are few
public buildings, the finest being a hospital built a few years ago.
'there a any small temples, but u [ of striking appearance, and
part of the old palace of the Raja is occupied by the police station
and a school. Jhansi-is the head-quarters of a Superimendmg;and
of an Executive Engineer m the Irrigation branch, and of an Executive
Engineer in the Roadsand Buildings branch. It is also the chief
,ration of the Church Missionary Society and the American Presbyterian
Mission in the District.
A municipality w constituted in [886. During the Pen years
ending rgo, the income and expenditure averaged Rs. 48,001 and
Re. 47,01 respectivelyIn ,913-4 the income was Rs.73,voo, chiefly
from ocnoi (Rs. 56,000); and the expenditure was Re. 68,ooq including
s ncy (Rs. :9,000), public safety (Rs. r o0), administration
and collection (RS. r1 00), and roads and buildings (Rs. 4,010). The
income and expenditure of cantonment funds during the to, yea
ending r9or averaged Rs. 17,ooo, and in 1903-4 were Ra. 14,111 and
Ra.11,111 respectively. the usual garrison include, Brie,h and
Native infantry, Native cavalry, and artillery. Jhansi is the chief centre
m the District for the collection and distribution of agricultural products.
Its trade has improved greatly with the extension of railways, which
radiate from it in four different directions. There are also small manu-
factures of brass-ware, fine silk, and coarse rugs. The railway work-
shops employed over a,ooo hands in r9o3, and a small cotton gin and
ice factory are situated here. A: private firm suppfies hay pressed
at Jhansi to the military authorities in many parts of the Eastern
Command. The municipality maintains three schools and aids twelve
others, with a total attendance of 994, besides the District school,
which has about r6o pupils.
Jh&nzi.--River of Asmm, which ri near Mokokchung in the
Naga Hills, and, after a northerly cue through Sibssgar District,
falls into the Bmhmaputra. Its total length is.71. miles, and in its
e through the plains it forms the boundary between the sub-

divisions of Sibsbgar and Jorhat. In the dry season it becomes very
shallow, hot during the rams boats of 4 tons burden can proceed a
far as the foot of the hills. Molasses, tobacco, salt, oil, and other
articles of commerce arc brought up the river in the rains and sold
-banged for betel-nuts. Tea used formerly to. be sent down stream
to Jhlnaimukh, but most. of it is now exported by. rail. An area of
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