HAITHAL TAHSIL 287
as formerly In... as Shamir. Population in eased ftom 101,157 In
1891 to 114,6791 1901. The talcal contains five towns: namely,
Kn1 6- a (populaio, 19,304), the head-quarhot, Tun- BHIIAN
(8,81), SNAtarI (7,478), JatA>ABAD (6,911), and JHINJHANA (5,194) ;
and 856 villages. In 1903-4 the demand for land revenue was
Rs.3,86,ooo, and for tosses Rs. 50,000. The river Junt la forms the
western'boendary, and the adjoining tract lies to,, and is intersected
byfltlr and watercourses. The eastern half of the Mhrrl is, boweve,
part of the upland tmct and is irrigated by the Eastern Jumna Canal.
In 1903-4 the area under cultivation was 1gr square miles, of which
131 were irrigated.
Kairana Town:-Head-quarters of the tat-! of the same name in
Musal arnagar District, United Provinces, situated in 29° 24′ N. and
77° 12′ E. It is the terminus of a metalled road from MuerFatnagar
town. The population is increasing slowly and was 19,3,4 in 1901.
Mukarmb Khan, physic n'tojahangn and Shah Jahan, received the
town and surrounding country as a grant. He built a dargah and
laid out a beautiful garden with a large mrk, and the town a6 o con.
tains several mosques dating from the t sixteenth and seventeenth
enturies. Kairanais built partly on the low-lying J,,,, khada, and
partly an the rising slope to the upland plain, and has a clean, well-
paved bares, The town w onstituted a municipality in 1874.
During the ten years ending 1901 the income and expenditure averaged
Rs. 16,000. In 1903-4 the -come w s Re. 16,o,,, chiefly derived
from ochoi (Rs. 11,oeo); and the expenditure was Its. 18,000. Orna.
nenml curtains are made here by pasting small pieces of looking-
glass coloured cloth. There considerable mount of traffc in
grain with both the Punjab and the railway, and a small calicoprintimg
industry. Besides the tahnl7, there are a munnfi, a dispensary, and two
Kaisarganj.-South-western Mhsal of Bahmich District, Cnited
pear me., comprising the pa saes of Faklnpm and HisLmpur, and
lying between 27° 4′ and 27° 46′ N., and 81° 16′ and 81° 46′ E., with
r of 679 square miles. Population increased from 331,193 in
1891 to 348,171 in 1901. There me 647 villages, but no town. The
demand for land revenue in 1903-4 was Rs. 3,19,000, and for cesses
Re. 75,000. The density of population, 513 persons per square mile,
considerably above the District average. The taksll lies in the
wide valley of the Gogm, and is scored by many old chamtels, the chief
of which are the Sarja or Schell and the Tirol. The whole area is
fertile, e cept where the Gogra has deposited sand, and irrigation is
rarely needed. In 19.3-4' the area under cultivation was 443 square
miles, of which only 13 were irrigated.
Kalthal Tahsil.-Western tahsil and subdivision of Karnal District,