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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 339.


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KAMTA-RAJAULA 339
is divided into 17 investigating centres, and the civil police force con-
sisted in 1904 of 46 officers and 282 men. There are no rural police,
their duties being discharged by the village headmen. During the
winter 2 officers and 31 men of the Garo Hills military police battalion
are stationed in Kamrup, to hold the two outposts of Subankhata and
Darranga. A District jail is maintained at Gauhati, and a magis-
trate's lock-up at Barpeta.
As regards education, Kamrup is fairly representative of Assam.
The number of pupils under instruction in 1880-1, 1890-1, 1900-1,
and 1903-4 was 6,261, 10,437, 12,346, and 12,951 respectively.
Education has made considerable progress during the past thirty
years, and nearly three scholars were under instruction in 1903-4
for every one in 1874-5. •&*• the Census of 1901, 3-5 per cent, of the
population (6-8 males and 0-2 females) were returned as literate.
There were 285 primary, 15 secondary, and 5 special schools in
1903-4. The number of female scholars was 431. The enormous
majority of the pupils under instruction are only in primary classes,
and the number of girls who have advanced beyond that stage is
extremely small. Of the male population of school-going age, 25 per
cent, were in the primary stage of instruction, and of the female popu-
lation of the same age less than one per cent. Among Muhammadans
the percentage of the scholars of each sex to the male and female
population of school-going age was 27 and i respectively. An Arts
college is maintained by Government at Gauhati. The total expendi-
ture on education in 1903-4 was Rs. 1,17,000, of which Rs. 2r,ooo was
derived from fees. About 29 per cent, of the direct expenditure was
devoted to primary schools.
The District possesses 2 hospitals and 8 dispensaries, with accommo-
dation for 33 in-patients. In 1904 the number of cases treated was
64,000, of whom 600 were in-patients, and 1,100 operations were per-
formed. The expenditure was Rs. 16,000, the greater part of which
was met from Local and municipal funds.
In 1903-4, 39 per 1,000 of the population were successfully vacci-
nated, which was considerably below the proportion for the Province as
a whole. Vaccination is compulsory only in Gauhati town.
[Sir W. W. Hunter, A Statistical Account of Assam, vol. i (1879);
E. A. Gait, ' The Koch Kings of Kamarupa,' Journal of the Asiatic
Society of Bengal, vol. Ixii, p. 4 ; H. C. Barnes, Assessment Reports, Bajali,
Bijni, Barbhag, Baska, Patidarang, Ramdia, and South Bank groups
(1905) ; B. C. Allen, District Gazetteer of Kamriip (1905).]
Kamta-Rajaula.—One of the CHAUBE JAGIRS in Central India,
under the Political Agent in Baghelkhand, with an area of 13 square
miles, and a population (1901) of 1,232. The chief is a Kayasth by
caste, the first grantee, Rao Gopal Lai, having been the family vakil
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