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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 380.


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380 KANETHI
77° 40′ E. The area is 19 square miles, the population (1901) 2,575,
and the revenue Rs. 4,000, about half of which is derived from forests.
The present Thakur is Amog Chand, a Hindu Rajput, related to the
Rana of Kumharsain. His territory is bounded by Kumharsain,
Bashahr, and the Kot Khai pargana of Simla District. The State has
suffered much from misgovernment, and it has been necessary to take
it under direct management. The Thakur, who is a minor, is being
educated at the Aitchison College ; and during his minority the admin-
istration is conducted by an official deputed by Government, who
exercises full powers, except that sentences of death require the con-
firmation of the Superintendent, Hill States, Simla. The State pays
a tribute of Rs. 900 to Bashahr.
Kangra District.—North-easternmost District of the Jullundur
Division, Punjab, lying between 31° 21′ and 32° 59′ N. and 75° 37′
and 78° 42′ E., with an estimated area of 9,978 square miles. It is
bounded on the north-west by Chamba State; on the north by Kash-
mir territory ; on the east by Tibet; on the south-east by Bashahr State ;
on the south by the Kotgarli villages of Simla District, and by the
States of Kumharsain, Sangri, Suket, Mandl, and Bilaspur; on the
south-west by the District of Hoshiarpur ; and on the west by Gurdas-
pur. It stretches eastwards from the plains of the Bari and Jullundur
Doabs across the Himalayan ranges to the borders of Tibet, and com-
prises two distinct tracts which lie on either side of the Outer Hima-
layas and present very diverse natural features. Of these two tracts the
western block, which constitutes Kangra proper, is described in this
article. This portion, which lies south of the Dhaola
Physical Dhar range of the Outer Himalayas, consists of an
irregular triangle, whose base lies upon the Hoshiar-
pur border, while the Native States of Chamba and Mandl constrict its
upper portion to a narrow neck, known as Bangahal, at one point less
than 10 miles in width. Beyond this, the eastern block expands once
more like an hour-glass, and embraces the Kulu subdivision, which
comprises the tahstls of KULU and SARAJ and the mid-Himalayan
cantons of LAHUL and SPITI, each of which merits separate description.
Of the total estimated area of 9,978 square miles, 2,939 are m
Kangra proper. This is the more important part of the District as
regards population and cultivation, and comprises two wide and fertile
valleys. The Kangra valley lies between the Dhaola Dhar and the
long irregular mass of lower hills which run, almost parallel to the
Dhaola Dhar, from north-west to south-south-east. The second valley
runs between these hills and the Sola Singhi range, and thus lies
parallel to the Kangra valley. On the north-west the District includes
the outlying spurs which form the northern continuation of the Sola
Singhi, running down to the banks of the Beas and Chakki, and it also
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