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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 397.


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KANGRA TOU'X 397
Kalidhar hills on the south. The Banganga and Gaj flow through
it in a south-westerly direction to join the Beas. The main range
of the Dhaola Dhar and its spurs are in many places covered with
forest. The population in 1901 was 126.335, compared with 125,138
in 1891. It contains the towns of DHARMSALA (population, 6,971)
and KANGRA (4,746), the head-quarters; and 134 villages, of which
KANHIARA and OHAIU are of archaeological interest. The land revenue
and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to 2 lakhs.
Kangra Town (ATagarkof or Kot Kangra}.—Town in Kangra
District, Punjab, formerly the head-quarters of the District and still
the head-quarters of the Kangra ta/islf, situated in 30° 5′ N. and
76° 16′ E. Population (1901), 4,746. Lying on the northern slope
of the low ranges which run through the centre of the District, it
faces Dharmsala and commands a fine view of the Kangra valley. In
its lower suburb (called Bhawan) was the temple of Devi Bajreshri,
whose gilded cupola was, until the earthquake of 1905, a conspicuous
landmark, and which contained a late Sanskrit inscription of about
1430 dedicated to Jawala Mukhi and mentioning Sansar Chand I, the
Katoch king of Kangra. On the lofty ridge south of and above the
town stood Kot Kangra or 'the fort,' surrounded on three sides by
inaccessible cliffs. In its highest part were the dwellings and temples
of the old Katoch kings of Kangra. The town, with the fort and
temples, was destroyed by the earthquake of April 4, 1905, in which
1,339 nves were l°st in the town. Seven Europeans were among the
killed.
Kangra has from time immemorial been a stronghold of the Katoch
Rajas. Firishta, in his introductory chapter narrating the exploits
of a former king of Kanauj, who overran the hills from Kumaun to
Kashmir, subduing 500 petty chiefs, distinctly alludes to the Raja
of Nagarkot. The riches of the temple attracted the attention of
Mahmiid of Ghazni, who in 1009 took the fort and plundered the
temple, carrying off, it is said, 700,000 golden dinars, 700 mans of
gold and silver plate, 200 mans of pure gold in ingots, 2,000 mans
of unwrought silver, and 20 mans of jewels, including pearls, corals,
diamonds, and rubies. The temple plundered by Mahmiid w:as
probably situated within the fort and was not the temple of Devi in
Bhawan, as has been supposed. Thirty-five years later the place is
said to have been recaptured after a siege of four months by the Hindu
princes under the Raja of Delhi. Kangra submitted to Firoz Shah
in 1360, who again plundered the temple ; and in 1388 prince Mahmiid
Tughlak, when a fugitive from Delhi, found an asylum here till called
to the throne in 1390. Kangra was permanently garrisoned under
the Mughals, and should have passed to Ahmad Shah Durrani in the
1 Nagnrkot appears to have been the name of the town and Kangrn of the fort.
C C 2
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