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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 409.


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KAPURTHALA STATE 409
The ancestors of the chief of Kapurthala at one time held posses-
sions both in the cis- and trans-Sutlej and also in the Bari Doab. In
the latter lies the village of Ahlu, whence the family
i f i i 11 r , i i _" History.
springs, and irom which it takes the name or Ahlu-
walia. The scattered possessions in the Bari Doab were gained by the
sword in 1780, and were the first acquisitions made by Sardar Jassa
Singh, the founder of the family. Of the cis-Sutlej possessions, some
were conquered by Sardar Jassa Singh, and others were granted to him
by Maharaja Ranjit Singh prior to September, 1808. By a treaty made
in 1809, the Sardar of Kapurthala pledged himself to furnish supplies
to British troops moving through or cantoned in his cis-Sutlej territory;
and by declaration in 1809 he was bound to join the British standard
with his followers during war. In 1826 the Sardar, Fateh Singh, fled
to his cis-Sutlej territory for the protection of the British Government
against the aggressions of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. This was accorded,
but in the first Sikh War the Kapurthala troops fought against the
British at Aliwal; and, in consequence of these hostilities and of the
failure of the chief, Sardar Nihal Singh, son of Sardar Fateh Singh, to
furnish supplies from his estates south of the Sutlej to the British
army, these estates were confiscated. When the Jullundur Doab came
under the dominion of the British Government in 1846, the estates
north of the Sutlej were maintained in the independent possession of
the Ahluwalia chieftain, conditional on his paying a commutation in
cash for the service engagements by which he had previously been
bound to Ranjit Singh. The Bari Doab estates have been released to
the head of the house in perpetuity, the civil and police jurisdiction
remaining in the hands of the British authorities. In 1849 Sardar
Nihal Singh was created a Raja. He died in September, 1852, and
was succeeded by his son, Randhlr Singh. During the Mutiny in 1857
the forces of Randhir Singh, who never hesitated or wavered in his
loyalty, strengthened our hold upon the Jullundur Doab; and after-
wards, in 1858, the chief led a contingent to Oudh which did good
service in the field. He was well rewarded; and among other con-
cessions obtained the grant in perpetuity of the estates of Baundi and
Ikauna (in Bahraich District) and Bhitauli (in Bara Banki District) in
Oudh, which have an area of 700 square miles, and yield at present
a gross revenue of about 13-^ lakhs. Of this, 3-4 lakhs is paid to
Government as land revenue and cesses. In these estates the Raja
exercises no ruling powers, though in Oudh he is, to mark his supe-
riority over the ordinary talukdars, addressed as Raja-i-Rajagan. This
title was made applicable to the Raja in Oudh only, and not in the
Punjab. Raja Randhir Singh died in 1870, and was succeeded by his
son, Raja Kharrak Singh. The present Raja, Jagatjit Singh, son of
Kharrak Singh, succeeded in September, 1877, attaining his majority
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