264 KHASI AND fAINTIA HILLS
Magistrate is stationed at Shillong, and an Engineer who is also in
charge of K‚mrnp District. The Jaintia Hills, with Shillong, and 34
villages in the Kh‚si Hills, are British territory. The rest of the Khasi
Hills is included in twenty-five petty Native States, which have treaties
or agreements with the British Government. These States vary in
size from KHYRIM, with a population of 31,327, to NONGLEWAI, with
a population of 169. Nine of these States had a population of less
than 1,ooo persons in 1901.
The High Court at Calcutta has no jurisdiction in the hills, except
over European British subjects. The Codes of Civil and Criminal
Procedure are not in force, and the Deputy-Commissioner exercises
powers of life and death, subject to confirmation by the Lieutenant-
Governor. Petty criminal and civil cases, in which natives of the
District are concerned, are decided by the village authorities. Serious
offences and civil suits in which foreigners are concerned are tried by
the Deputy-Commissioner and his Assistants. There is, on the whole,
very little serious crime in the District, but savage murders are
Land revenue is assessed only on building sites and on flat rice land
in the Jainti‚ Hills, which pays Rs. 1-14 per acre. The principal
source of revenue in British territory is a tax of RS. 2 on each house.
The revenue from house-tax and total revenue is shown in the
following table, in thousands of rupees:-
Revenue from house-tax .
Exclusive of forest revenue.
There are police stations in the hills, at Shillong, Cherrapunji, and
Jowai, and an outpost at Nongpoh, half way between Shillong and
Gauh‚ti. The force has a sanctioned strength of 23 officers and 183
men, who are under the immediate charge of the Deputy-Com-
missioner, but ordinary police duties are discharged by the village
officials. The only jail in the District is at Shillong; it has accommo-
dation for 78 prisoners.
Thanks to the efforts of the Welsh Presbyterian Mission, education
has made considerable progress, and in 1901 the proportion of literate
persons (5-7 per cent.) was higher than that in any District in
Assam. The number of pupils under instruction in 1880-1, 1890-1,
ryoo-I, and 1903-4 was 2,670, 3,582, 6,555, *and 7,275 respectively.
The Khasi Hills owes its position to the spread of female education,
3'4 per cent. of the women being able to read and write, as compared
with 0ē4 per cent. in Assam as a whole. In 1903-4 there were