of 69 villages, is held by one of the first-class nobles of Mewār, who is
termed 'Rawat and belongs to the Chondawat family of the Sesodia
Rajputs, being an offshoot of the SALŪMBAR house. The total in-
come of the estate is about Rs. 40,ooo, and no tribute is paid to the
Kurai.-Tahsil and town in Saugor District, Central Provinces.
Kuiam.-Political Agency and river in the North-West Frontier
Province. See KURRAM.
Kurambrangd.-Tdluk of Malabar District, Madras. See KU-
Kurandvād' State.-State under the Political Agent for Kolhapur
and the Southern Marātha Country, Bombay. At present it consists
of two divisions, one belonging to the Senior ruler of Kurandvad, and
the' other to the junior chiefs. The Senior division comprises one
town, KURANDV~D (population, 10,451), the head-quarters; and 37
villages. Of these, Tikota' and Wategaon, the former in Bijapur and
the latter in Satara District, are quite isolated from the main jiip, of
which 25 villages lie close to and south of the town of Belgaum, while
the remaining ro lie in the valley of the Kistna, intermixed with British
territory and with the territory of the Sāngli, Kolhapur, and' Mirąj
Mates. The Senior division, with its head-quarters also at Kurandvad,
comprises two towns and 34 villages-17 in the neighbourhood of 'and
mostly to the south of Belgaum, -5 on the borders of the Nizām's
Dominions and to the east of Sholapur District, and z within the
limits of the Kolhāpur State.
The Kurandvād State was a grant made by the Peshwa to a member
of the Patvardhan family on condition of military service. In 1811
the State was divided into two parts, one of which was called Kurand-
vād and the other Shedbąl. The latter share lapsed to the British
Government in 1857, owing to failure of heirs. In 1855 a further
division of Kurandvād into Senior and junior was effected by the
British Government between Raghunąth Rao and Ganpat Rao, Vinayak
Rao, and Trimbak Rao. When Trimbak Rao died in 1869 without
male issue, the whole of his share of the jiigir was bestowed on Ganpat
Rao and Vinayak Rao, with the exception of the share he possessed
in the inüm estate, which reverted to the Senior chief, .Raghunāth Rao.
The descendants of Harihar Rao and Vinayak Rao, brothers of
Raghunath Rao, now jointly form the junior branch.
The Senior chiefs estate contains an area of 185 square miles, and
a population (1901) of 42,474. Hindus number 34,386, Muham-
mądans 4,452, and Jains 3,532. The staple crops are millet, rice,
wheat, gram, and cotton. Coarse cotton cloth and articles of female
apparel are the principal manufactures. The total tribute received