revenue staff. The new demand is Rs. g1,500 (British) per annum,
which in five years will rise to Rs. 88,000.
. Police duties are performed by the Kurram militia, a force 1,466
strong under a commandant. The lock-up at Parachinar has accom-
modation for xoo prisoners, and two lock-ups at Sadda and AlIzai can
each accommodate io prisoners.
Kurrarn stands below all the Districts of the North-West Frontier
Province in the literacy of its population, only 1-88 per cent. (987 males
and 25 females), being able to read and write in igoi. It possesses
seven indigenous schools, now aided by grants from Imperial funds,
at PArachinar and six of the principal villages, besides those in the
mosques where the Koran and other religious books in Persian and
Arabic are taught ; in the dharmsilas the Hindus and Sikhs also learn
the Granth and other religious books in Gurmukh-i. Muhammadan
girls are occasionally taught to read the Koran. The Bangash Pathans
of ShalozAn are, however, mostly literate, and to their enlightenment' is
attributed the freedom from superstition which characterizes the rest of
There are two civil dispensaries-at Pdrachindr and AlTzai:--:with
accommodation for 12 male in-patients, and a female ward for 4 in-
patients at the former, besides two military hospitals. In 1903 the
number of cases treated was 16,472, of whom 323 were in-patients.
The expenditure was RS. 4,763, met from Imperial funds.
A vaccinator is posted at Pdrachinar, and I,7o8 persons were suc-
cessfully vaccinated in the Agency in 1903-4.
Kurram River. - River in the North-West Frontier Province,
which rises at the base of the Rokian defile in Afghanistan, and, after
traversing the Khost district of that State,, enters the country of the
Turis or the Kurram. Valley proper near Kharlichi, 40 miles from its
source. It then flows south-east, for about A miles, through the whole
length of the Political Agency of Kurram, till it reaches Thal in Kohdt
District. Here it.turns southward through the country of the Kabul
Khel Wazlirs, and after receiving the Kaitu river, which drains the
Afghan district of Khost, it enters Bannu. Traversing that District
with a south-easterly course it cuts its way through a narrow gorge,
known as Darra Tang, in the hills that encircle Bannu District, into the
Isa Khel plain, and falls into the Indus . opposite Midnwali. In its
course through the Kurrarn Valley it is mainly fed by streams from the
Safed Koh, the chief of which are the Kirman and Kurmdna.
'Kurseong Subdivision.-Southern subdivision of Darjeeling Dis-
trict, Bengal, lying between 260 A and 270 J A and 880 7' and
880 31' E. with an area of 438 square miles. Its population 1 !901
Was 115,731, compared 05 iit642 in 18y, and was contained in
one town, KURSEONG, its head-quarters, and 388 villages, the density