o4 LAHORE' DISTRICT
In addition, a separate assessment was fixed on every well and every
acre of canal-irrigation. The result was an increase-of 33 per cent. on
the regular settlement. The settlement was a rigid one, and rates were
firmly adhered to, with the natural result that the distribution of an
assessment, moderate in the aggregate, fell lightly on some villages and
unduly heavily on others. In 1888 the District once more came under
settlement. It was found that village prices had risen 20 to 25 per cent.,
and that cultivation had increased 33 per cent., almost entirely owing
to the extension of the Bari Doab Canal to the uplands of the Manjha,
while the population had risen 36 per cent. The half net ` assets,'
calculated at produce rates, amounted to r4 lakhs. The initial demand
of the new settlement was q~ lakhs. The average assessment on ` dry'
land is R. o-9-6 (maximum 15 annas, minimum 4 annas), and that
on ' wet' land Rs. 6-5-0 (maximum RS. 12, minimum 4 annas).
The demand, including cesses, for 1903-4 was 12•5 lakhs. The average
size of a proprietary holding is 4•4 acres.
The collections of land revenue and of total revenue are shown below,
in thousands of rupees.-
1880-1. z8go-i. 1900-r. 19037-4-
Land revenue. 7,00 8,22 10,21 to,47
Total revenue. 11,58 16,31 25,80 26,62
The District contains seven municipalities: LAHORE, KASVR, KHEM
KARAN, PATTI, CHUNIAN, KHUDIAN, and SHARAKPUR. Outside these,
local affairs are managed by the District board, whose income in 1903-4
amounted to Rs. 1,22,895, mainly derived from a local rate. A large
portion of the income is expended on public works.
The police force consists of 1,663 men of all ranks, including
70 cantonment and 685 municipal police, under a Superintendent, who
usually has z Assistants, 2 Deputy-Superintendents (one in charge of
Lahore city and the other in charge of the Kasur subdivision), and
to inspectors under him. Village watchmen number 1,387, besides
some i2 town watchmen in Patty and Sharakpur. There are 25
police stations. Lahore city contains three jails-the Central jail;
District jail, and female penitentiary, all under one Superintendent.
The Central jail has accommodation for 1,721 prisoners, the District
jail for 578, and the female penitentiary for 364.
Lahore stands eighth among the twenty-eight Punjab Districts in
literacy, 4-4 per cent. of its population in rgor being able to read and
write (7'4 per cent, males find 0.7 females). The proportion is highest
in the Lahore tahsil. The number of pupils under instruction was
6,279 in 1880-i, 14,437 in r89o-1, 19,271 in tgoo-r, and 18,37ca in
1903-4. In the last year the District contained 5 Arts colleges, 3 pro.-