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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 232.

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87' 8' E., with an area of 1,176 square miles. The subdivision, which
is bounded on the south by the Ghugri, is a low-lying alluvial tract,
intersected by numerous rivers and water-channels and liable to 'in
undation from their overflow. The population in 1go1 was 559,310,
compared with 575,505 in 1891, the density being 476 persons per
square mile. It contains 757 villages, one of which, MADHIPURA, is
its bead-quarters; but no town. The decline in population is accounted
for by the fact that a large part of the Madhipura and Kishanganj
thdnas have been devastated by the ravages of the Kosi, which has
deposited a thick sediment of silt.
Madhipura Village.-Head-quarters of the subdivision of the
same name in Bhagalpur District, Bengal, situated in 25' 56' N. and
86' 48' E., on the right bank of the Parwan river, about 52 miles from
Bhagalpur town. Population (1900, 5,188. The neighbourhood is
associated with the popular ballad of Lorik, the deified cowherd. The
village contains the usual public offices; the sub-jail has accommoda-
tion for 15 prisoners.
Madhopur.-Village in the Pathankot tahsil of Gurdaspur District,
Punjab, situated in 320 22' N. and 75' 37' E. Population (rgot),
I,36o. Opposite the village are the head-works of the BARI D0AB
Madhra.-Former name of KALLUR tdluk, Warangal District,
Hyderabad State.
Madhubani Subdivision.-Northern subdivision of Darbhanga
District, Bengal, lying between 26 z' and 26 4o' N. and 850 45' and
86 44' E., with an area of 1,346 square miles. The population rose
from 1,014,700 in 18gi to 1,094,379 in 1901, when there were 813
persons to the square mile. It is less densely inhabited than the rest
of the District, and is the only subdivision where there is much room
for further expansion. It consists of a rich alluvial plain, traversed
by ridges of uplands suitable for rabi cultivation; but the staple crop,
is winter rice, and the' produce of Alapur, Jabdi, and Bachaur is
famous all over Bihar. It contains one town, MADHUBANI (popula-
tion, 17,8o2), its head-quarters; and I,o84 villages. NARAHI;i is an
important centre of the' Nepalese grain traffic; at JHANJHARPUR on
the railway brass utensils of a superior quality are manufactured;
and at SAURATH an annual mela or religious festival is held. Sugar
is extensively manufactured throughout the subdivision. JAYNAGAR is
the site of a mud fort.
Madhubani Tbwn.-Head-quarters of the subdivision of the same
name in Darbllanga District, Bengal, situated in 26' 21' N. and
860 5' E., about I6 miles north-east of Darbhanga town. Population
(1901), 17,802. Madhubani is an important trading centre on the
road from Sakri station on the Bengal and North-Western Railway_to
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