(erred to, and another, the Victoria Hostel, stands behind, the Pre~
sidency College in Chepauk. This is the largest of 'all, but it is far
too small to hold. the many applicants for admission. Of 13 lakh§
spent upon all the educational institutions K the city' in 1904, about
36 per cent, was devoted to the colleges, 38 per cent. to secondary
schools, 17 per cent. to training and special schools, and 9 per cent.
to primary education. Of the total, 39 per cent. was met from general
revenues, 36 per cent. from fees, and 25 per cent. from endowments
and other sources.
Madras has five daily newspapers. Two of these, the Madras Mail
and the Madras Times, are edited by Englishmen; and the three
others, the Hindu, the Madras Standard, and the Indian Patriot; are
edited by natives. In addition, there are io weekly papers and
31 papers and magazines published bi-weekly, monthly, or quarterly.
Of these, as many as 14 are devoted to, religious subjects. Others
represent law, education, and social ref6rm, the planters, the Eurasians,
and the Muhammadans; while three of them, the Christian College.
Magazine, the Madras Peview, and the -Indian Review, are magazines
of repute which deal with' current and literary topics. The latest
venture is the Indian Ladies' Magazine, written for native ladies Arid
edited by one of them.
Madras possesses nine hospitals and five dispensaries. Of 'the
former, five-namely, the General, Maternity, Ophthalmic, Leper, and
Voluntary Venereal (Women's) Hospitals-are main- Medical.
tamed from Provincial funds; one, the Royapettah
Hospital, by the Corporation; while three-namely, the Victoria Caste
and Gosha Hospital for Women, Rajd Sir Rdmasw.%mi Mud"aliyar's
Maternity Hospital, and the Native Infirmary attached to the Monegat
Choultry-are supported by private subscriptions, aided in the case
of the two latter by grants. Of me five dispensaries, one is maintained
by Government, two by the municipality, and the other two by public
subscriptions and grants. The General and Maternity Hospitals are
exceptionally well found and well managed.. The total number of beds
available in these institutions is 1,37r, of which 473 are in the General
,Hospital. In 1903 an aggregate of igooo in-patients (7,ooo at me
General Hospital)' and 233,000 out-patients (61,ooo at the General
Hospital) 'were treated in them, and 18,ooo operations (6;000 at
the General Hospital) were performed. The total expenditure was
Rs. 5,40,000, of which Rs. 4,35,000, or 8o per cent., was provided by.
Government, and Rs. 32,ooo by the municipality. The main items
were establishment (Rs. I,58,ooo), buildings (Rs. 1,33,000), miscel-
laneous charges (Rs. 1,07,ooo), and diet (Rs. 92,ooo).
The Lunatic Asylum in Kilpauk, which is in many ways a model.
institution, had an average daily population of 320, males and rob