after- Asoka's death, and Magadha was conquered about- i5o B.c.
by a king of Kalinga ; but towards the end of the fourth century
A. D. a new ' line of Gupta kings renewed the glories 'of Magadha,
and gradually spread westward to Allahàbâd, Kanauj, 'and even '-to
Gujarat, while 'Samudra Gupta temporarily conquered part of the
Deccan. When the Gupta empire broke up early in the sixth century,
Magadha was subdued by the Chalukya king . Kirttivarman I, but
again became a small kingdom, still ruled by an eastern branch
of the Gupas. Inscriptions give the names of eleven kings, the
eighth of whom was reigning in 672. The kingdom was absorbed
in the dominions of the PAl.dynasty of Bengal in the ninth century.
In 1197 the last of the Pals was dethroned by Muhammad Bakhtiâr
Khilji, and the kingdom of Magadha was included in the empire
of the Slave kings of Delhi. Magadha formed part of the Jaunpur
kingdom for a time, and its later history merges in that of Bihar.
Varaha Mihira, the Sanskrit geographer of the sixth century A. D.,
mentions Magadha as situated in the eastern division of India 'be-
tween KOSALA and MITHILA (Tirhut). The kingdom has given its
name to a tribe of Brahmans called Mâgadha or Sakaldwip Brahmans,
and also to the Magahiyà subdivision of the low-caste Doms. Like
other kingdoms east Of MADHYA DESA, its inhabitants were held in
low esteem, and this feeling has survived to the present day.
[Lassen, Ind. Alt., vol. i, pp. 135 and 6o2; Pargiter, f. A. S. B.,
1897, P. 86; McCrindle, Invasion of India by Alexander, pp. 36,
56, 380, and 404-8; Fleet, Ind. Ant., 1893, PP. 170, 183, and
Gupta Inscriptions, pp. zoo-2o ; Duff, The Chronology of India,
Mâgadi. -Western tâluk of Bangalore District, Mysore, lying
between 1z° 5o' and 13° 12' N. and 77° 4' and 77° 27' E., with
an area of 359 square miles. The population rose to 76,986 in
rgoi from 64,334 in 189x. The tâluk contains one town, Magadi
(population, 3,608), the head-quarters; and 334 villages. The land
revenue demand in 1903-4 was Rs. 1,35;ooo. This is a hilly and
jungly: tkluk, with the Arkavati river flowing through the south-east
in a deep bed. Savandurga (4,024 feet) is the loftiest mountain,
`surrounded by deep defiles and a State forest. In the 'north-west
a chain of tanks is formed by a stream running to the Shimsha. .
The soil is generally poor, a shallow red mould mixed with stones,.
Some tobacco is grown.
Magar Talao (I Crocodile Tank,' also called Magar Pir, or more
'correctly, Bir 111angho).-Tank, hot springs, and temple in'the District
and tâluka of Karachi, Sind, Bombay, situated in z4° 58' N. 'and
,67° 5' E., about 9 miles north of Karachi city, among very barren
'and rocky hills. Formerly there was,a swamp here, in which 'many