z MAIll3Řl3MAGAR IDISTI2ICT
The famous Golconda diamonds were formerly obtained from t11c
Cuddapahs and Kurnools, particularly the basement-beds of the latter.
The District is well wooded, having a large forest area. The timber
trees are bijdsizl (Pterocarpus Alarsupium), nalldmaddi (Terminalia
toitzentosa), eppa (Mardwichi‚ binata), ebony, teak, babal (Acacia
arabica), mango, and tamarind. The scrubby jungle consists of brush-
wood, tarvar (Cassia auriculata), and other plants used for fuel.
Antelope and spotted deer are found in the Ibrahimpatan, Makhtal,
and Narayanpet ticluhs; tigers, leopards, and bears are met with in
the wooded hills of the rest of the District. In the Amr‚bad tdbrh,
wild hog, nilgai, sambar, hyenas, porcupines, several species of
monkeys, large red squirrels, and wild dogs are also found. Peafowl,
jungle-fowl, red parrots and red minds, yellow and red bulbuls as large
as pigeons, and many other rare birds are also met with.
Climatically the District may be divided into three portions. The
tdluks of Narayanpet, Makhtal, and Jedcherla are hot and dry, but
healthy ; MahbŻbnagar, Koilkonda, Ibrahimpatan, and Kalvakurti are
hot and damp, and are not so healthy ; while the remaining tdluks of
Pargi, Nagar Karm:il, and Amrabad are damp, unhealthy, and malarious.
The annual rainfall for the twenty-one years ending igoi averaged
Little is known of the history of the District. The Rajas of
Warangal at one period held sway over it, but after the Muhammadan
conquest of the Deccan it came into the possession
History. of the Bahnlani kings. On the dissolution of their
power, a portion of it was annexed by the Kutb Sih‚his, and another
portion became part of Bijapur. In 1686, when Sikandar Adil Shah
was defeated by Aurangzeb, Bijapur with its dependencies was annexed
to the empire of Delhi. In 17o6 prince Kam Bakhsh was appointed
SŻballdar of Bijapur and Hyderabad ; and on the foundation of the
Hyderabad State early in the eighteenth century the District was
included in the Nizam's Dominions.
The fort of Koilkonda was built by Ibr‚bim Kutb Shah, one of the
Golconda kings, and contained substantial buildings which are now
in ruins. In the Amrabad taluh is a fort, now in ruins, called the
l'ratap Rudra Kot, which could shelter a large garrison. The old
ruined city of Chandragupta, 32 miles south of Amrabad on the left
bank of the Kistna, was a very populous place during the reign of
I'ratap Rudra, Raja of Warangal. Besides these, there are four old
temples, one of which, called the Mahťswara temple, is built on a hill
with goo steps from the foot to the summit. In the Nagar Karnal
tdluk is the hill fort of PANGAL, a mile and a half long and one mile
broad, possessing seven walls with a citadel in the centre.
The number of towns and villages in the District, including jdgirs,