i o6 MAMA ND ŪR
a party of monks from Conjeeveram, which is only 7 miles distant, may
here have hollowed out for themselves a retreat with narrow cells into
which each might retire to indulge in solitary meditation.
Mamdā.pur.-Historic village in the District and tdluka of Bijapur,
Bombay, situated in 16° 32' N. and 75° 36' E., 6 miles north of the
Kistna and about 22 miles south-west of Bijapur town. Population
(1901), 2,232. The story goes that Muhammad (x626-56), the sixth
Bijapur Sultan, wished to know what the Konkan was like. His prime
minister, the celebrated Jagad-Murari, built ponds, laid out fields, and
planted trees and vegetables from the Konkan on the site of Mamda .
pur, which so pleased the Sultan that, about 1633, he united the
villages of Antapur, Barigi, Khasbagh, and Chavdapur, and named.
the new village after himself, fulfilling the prophecy of a saint, Kamal.
Sahib of Chavdapur, who had foretold the event. The saint's tomb
is in the middle of the market and is highly honoured. In the shrine
is the grave of another saint, Sadle Sahib of Mecca, who died here and
in whose honour a fair is held yearly. There are numerous temples.
Mamdapur contains two lakes made by Sultan Muhammad, when
the town was built. The great lake is probably the largest existing
reservoir of native construction in the Bombay Presidency. When full,
its surface area is 864 acres, or 13 square miles; the darn is 2,662 feet
long, or just over half a mile, and its greatest height is 27 feet 9 inches.
Except in seasons of unusual drought the water in this lake lasts
throughout the year. The smaller lake, to the east of the large lake,
when full has a surface area of 428 acres and a greatest depth of
12 feet; the dam is i, i 8o feet long. The inscriptions cut on the
dams show that both were built in 1633 at a cost of about 2 lakhs
(50,000 pagodas) by Sultan Muhammad.
Mamdot Estate (Muhammadot).-Estate in the Ferozepore,
Muktsar, and Fazilka tahsils of Ferozepore District, Punjab. Area,
83 square miles of proprietary land, with 309 held in jiagir. It is held
by the minor Nawab of Mamdot, Ghulam Kutb-.ud-din Khan, a Pathan,
whose ancestor Kutb-ud-din Khan held the principality of KASŪR, but
was expelled from it by Ranjit Singh in 1807 and retired to Mamdot,
which he had conquered from the Raikot chief in 18oo. His son
Jamal-ud-din Khan held Mamdot as a fief of the Lahore kingdom
till 1848, when he received the title of Nawab, with the powers of
a ruling chief, from the British Government; but the powers thus
conferred were abused by Jamal-ud-din Khan, and were therefore
withdrawn, the State being annexed to British territory in 1855. It
was, however, subsequently conferred as an estate on the Nawab's
younger brother Jalal-ud-din Khan, who had rendered good service
in 1848 and 1857. Jalal-ud-din died in 1875, leaving a minor son,
by name Nizam-ud-din Khan, and the estate was managed by the