Division, from which it is separated by the Irrawaddy and the water-
shed severing the basins of the Irrawaddy and the Chindwin. The
head-quarters are at MANDALAY CITY in the extreme south of the
Division; but all the District head-quarters, with the exception of
Mogok, are readily accessible by rail and river. The Commissioner
exercises a nominal control over the Hkalnti Long (Shan) States on
the upper reaches of the Malikha. The population of the Division
was returned at 592,625 in i89i and 777,338 in i9or. The earlier
Census, however, excluded a large part of Kathâ District, then forming
the Wuntho State, and also portions of Bhamo and Myitkyinâ Districts.
The distribution of the population in i9or is shown in the table
Area in square Population, and thathameda,
District. miles. 19oî. 1903-4.
Mandalay .I 2,117 __366,507 8,42
Bhamo . 4,146 79,515 1,31
Myitkyinâ i o,640 67,399 93
Kathâ . 6,994 176,22.1 5,34
Ruby Mines (includ-
ing M6ngmit) . I 5,476 87,694 90*
Total 29,373 777,338 16,9o
* Excluding revenue of M6ngmit.
The Division contains seven towns - MANDALAY (population,
183,816), AMARAPURA (9,103), MAYMYo (6,223), BHAMO (10,734), and
MOGOK, KATHA, and MYITKYINA ; and there are 5,413 villages.
Mandalay, Mogok, and Bhamo are important industrial and trade
centres. Burmans predominate largely, numbering 45r,i6i in i9or.
They form almost the whole population of Mandalay District, and the
larger part of that of Katha, and are well represented in the Ruby
Mines and Bhamo, but are comparatively scarce in Myitkyina. The
Shans numbered 110,728 in i9or, distributed over all the five Districts,
but nowhere in the majority. In Mandalay District they are confined
to the hilly Maymyo township. The number of Kachins in i9or was
87,790. They form the greater part of the population of Myitkyina
District, are the prevalent race in Bhamo, and are common in Kathà
and the Ruby Mines. A portion of the north-western area of Katha is
peopled by the Kadus, who numbered 34,521 in i9or. Danus to the
number of 6,276 inhabit the hills in Mandalay District. Chinamen
are numerous in all the Districts excepting Katha, and aggregated
9,463 at the last Census. Natives of India are distributed all over
the Division, for the most part in or near the towns and District
head-quarters. They include 25,391 Musalmans, 21,894 Hindus, and