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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 174.


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174
,1L91777 VI Tfl I, Z7KA
District. Both in ponds and wells the water-supply is defective and
its quality bad. The staple crops are rice, cotton, and jowJY.
Mândvi Town (i).-Head-quarters of the tâhika of the same name
in Surat District, Bombay, situated in 21° 18' N. and 73° 22' E. Popula
tion (1901), 4,142. The municipality was established in 1868. During
the decade ending 1901 the income averaged Rs. 6,ooo ; in 1903-4
it amounted to Rs. 6,273. The town contains a dispensary and four
schools, three (including an English school) for boys and one for girls,
attended respectively by 302 and 58 pupils.
Mândvi Town (Mandavi) (2).-Seaport in the State of Cutch, Bom-
bay, situated in 22° 50 14. and 69 32' E., on the coast of the Gulf of
Cutch, 36 miles south-west of Bhűj. Population (1901), 24,683. The
town contains a hospital and a dispensary, treating annually about
14,000 patients. Mândvi, or `the mart,' also called Maska Mândvi, was
known in old times as Raipur or Riyân. Two suburbs, Old and New
Saraya, inhabited by traders and seafaring men, stand outside the town
walls. Vessels of 70 tons can come within 500 yards. Mandvi is
a port of call for British India steamers. The muallims (pilots) are
noted throughout Cutcb. There are two lighthouses: one at the end
of the breakwater with a revolving dioptric light of the fourth order ;
and the other on the south-west bastion of the fort, which is maintained
by the State and is visible for 17 miles in clear weather. The light is
of the holophotal order, and shows three flashes at intervals of thirty
seconds. Mandvi is a municipal town, with an income in 1903--4 of
Rs. 6,6oo.
Mandwa.-Petty State in RFwn KANTxn, Bombay.
Mandya.-North-eastern tdluk of Mysore District, Mysore State,
lying between 12° 26' and 12° 48' N. and 76° 43' and 77° 8' E., with
an area of 450 square miles. The population in 1901 was 115,574,
compared with 99,783 in 1891. The tdluk contains two towns, Mandya
(population, 4,496), the head-quarters, and MADDIIR (2,597); and 300
villages. The land revenue demand in 1903-4 was Rs. 1,74,ooo. The
Shimsha flows through the east of the tccluk from north to south. It
is dammed north of Maddür, and feeds several miles of channels for
irrigation. The country is gently undulating, moderately wooded, and
contains no jungle. The 'dry-crop' soils are poor and gravelly,
especially in the uplands to the north. Good red soil occurs in the
centre and east of the Shimsha. The soils of `wet' lands are of fine
quality. Rice is the principal ° wet' crop. There is a good deal of
mulberry in the east. The areca gardens were ruined in the famine
of 1878. Inferior crops are grown after the harvest and ploughed in
for manuring the rice-fields. Sheep are numerous, and a superior kind
of blanket is made at Mandya and other places. Silkworms are largely
reared, the cocoons being sent to Channapatna for reeling.
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