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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 224.


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224 MA U TO Try
of 1856, with an income of about Rs. 3,000. Muslin and satin are
largely woven, and there is a small manufacture of silk. There
are two schools for boys with 83 pupils, and two for girls with 77.
Mau Aimma.-Town in the Soraon lahsil of Allahābād District,
United Provinces, situated in 25° 42' N. and 81° 56' E., on the
metalled road from Allahabdd city to Fyzabād and on a branch
of the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway. Population (igoi), 6,769.
This was the first place in the District in which plague broke out
in 1899, having been imported direct from Bombay. Mau Aimma
is administered under Act XX of 1856, with an income of about
Rs. i,ooo. It was once celebrated for its cotton cloth; but the
industry has declined and many of the Julahd inhabitants (Muham-
madan weavers) now seek work in Bombay. There is, however, a
flourishing local traffic in grain, cloth, cotton, sugar, and, tobacco, which
is likely to increase since the opening of a railway. The school
has about 64 pupils.
Ma-ubin District (Ma-u tree, Nauclea Cadamba).-District of the
Irrawaddy Division, Lower Burma, lying between 16° 3o' and 17° 25'N.
and 95° 15' and 95° 55' E. It is bounded on the north by Henzada
District; on the east by Hanthawaddy ; on the west by Myaungmya
and Bassein ; and on the south by Pyapon. The District is at the
head of the lower delta of the Irrawaddy, which enters it on the north,
and shortly afterwards, at the upper end of what is known as Ma-ubin
Island, sends an important offshoot called the To
aspects. or China Bakir river to the east. The main stream,
.
under the name of the Vazudaing, passes on to the
south-west, and divides into a number of other tidal channels in
Myaungmya and Pyapon Districts. The surface of the country
is generally low, the greater part being subject to annual inundation,
except where protected by embankments. During the rains the
Irrawaddy rises about 25 feet higher than in the dry season, and,
where unhindered by dikes, spreads over the country and forms
vast lakes, out of which the higher lands emerge like islands. As
is the case with all silt-depositing rivers, the surface of the country
close to the banks is higher than it is inland, so that between the
main streams there is not a watershed but a depression. These
low-lying plains are covered with long grass interspersed with trees,
and, though very fertile, are generally too deeply flooded to be
cultivable. Lying within the main banks of the river are numerous
large sandbanks and islands, flooded during the rains, but furnishing
excellent ground for vegetable gardens in the dry season and extensive
grazing grounds for the cattle. The permanent cultivation, except
where there are embankments, is practically confined to the land
immediately adjoining the main banks of the river.
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