,4.DMINI STPfI TION
practically all river-borne. A good deal of firewood goes to Rangoon.
The imports consist for the most part of hardware, piece-goods, and
In 1903-4, 48 miles of metalled roads and 18 miles of unmetalled
roads were maintained from the District cess fund. In addition,
a number of unmetalled roads are kept up from Provincial funds,
but the numerous waterways provide the chief communications.
The majority of the larger creeks and streams, with which the
southern areas are intersected, are navigable by light-draught steamers,
launches, and boats. Ma-ubin is well served by the steamers and
launches of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company, and to a small extent
also by launches and boats belonging to natives. There are 14
For administrative purposes the District is divided into two sub-
divisions: Ma-ubin, comprising the MA-UBIN and PANTANAW town-
ships; and Yandoon, comprising the YANDOON Administration.
and DANUBYU townships. These are under the
usual executive officers, assisted by 422 village headmen. The
District forms a subdivision of the Myaungmya Public Works divi-
sion, and is included in the Henzada-Thongwa Forest division.
Ma-ubin forms part of the Delta (judicial) Division, and the
Divisional judge tries sessions cases. Till recently the judicial work
was performed by the executive staff; but the new scheme has pro-
vided a special District judge, with head-quarters at Myaungmya,
who exercises jurisdiction in Ma-ubin, Myaungmya, and Pyapon,
a subdivisional judge for Ma-ubin, and three township judges, one
for Ma-ubin, one for Pantanaw and Yandoon, and one for Danubyu.
The crime of the District presents no special features.
The method of assessing land revenue under the Burmese r6gime
varied in different localities, but the recognized demand was based
on the number of yoke of plough cattle used by the cultivator, and
amounted to about half the gross out-turn. The first settlement was
made in 1868, when a uniform rate of Rs. 1-12 per acre was levied
on all classes of cultivation in the Danubyu township. In 1869-70
further portions of the District were settled. The rates of assess-
ment then imposed ranged from Rs. 1-4 to Rs. 2-4 per acre, accord-
ing to the distance of the land from Rangoon and the fertility of
the soil. In 1879-8o these were summarily enhanced in certain
circles by amounts varying from 6 to 25 per cent. ; and in 1889--91
the rates ranged from Rs. 1-8 to Rs. 2-8. The first regular
settlement of the whole District was made between 1888 and 1891,,
when rates were fixed ranging from Rs. 1-8 to Rs. 3 per acre for
rice cultivation, and from RS. 2 to Rs. 3 for orchards; vegetables,
tobacco, &c., were assessed at Rs. 2 per acre.