22 miles. The Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railway runs almost due
north and south through Manohardbad, Masaipet, and Mirzapalli on
the eastern border of the District.
The total length of roads is 183 miles, of which 81 miles are metalled.
The metalled roads are in three sections: Sadąseopet to Kūkatpalli,
32 Miles; Shankarpalli to Sangareddipet, 14 miles; and part of the old
Nagpur road, 35 miles. Unmetalled roads lead to the remaining head-
quarters of tdlules.
This District, though a small one, has been divided into three sub-
divisions. The Medak'and Siddipet tdluks are under a Third Talukdar,
Andol under the Second Tālukdār of Andol, and
Administration. and Bāghat under another Second Tāluk- .
dar. There is also another Third Tālukdār who acts as Assistant to
the First Tālukdār, the First Talukdar or Collector overlooking the
revenue and magisterial work of his subordinates. Each tdluk is under
The District civil court at Sangareddipet is presided over by the
Nāzim-i-Diwdni or Civil judge, who is also a joint-Magistrate in
the absence of the First Talukdar from head-quarters. The First
Talukdar is the chief magistrate. The tahszlddrs exercise third-class
civil and magisterial powers, and preside over tąluk civil courts. The
Second and Third Talukdars exercise second-class magisterial powers.
There is not much serious crime in ordinary years, but dacoities and
cattle-thefts increase in number during the dry season when the roads
Little information is available as to the revenue history of the
District. Formerly groups of villages or tdluks were farmed out by
the State to contractors, who received io per cent. for collection.
This was followed by the balai or share system, under which the State
received three-fifths of the produce of lands irrigated from tanks, and
an equal share from lands supplied by wells. In 1866 the ryotwirri
system was introduced, and revenue was collected in cash from indi-
vidual ryots. Kalabgūr was regularly settled in 1892, Andol in 1898,
Rdmayampet and Medak in rgoo, Tekmal in 19or, and Baghat tdluk
in 1905. Sugar-cane was charged Rs. Zoo per acre under the old
system, but now water rates are levied for `wet crops' according to
the class of land. Before the commencement of the survey, the records
showed an area of 6q,4oo acres of 'wet' lands and 119,463 acres of
dry.' The result of the survey was a decrease of 3 per cent. in the
wet,' and an increase of 103 per cent. in the `dry' lands, while the
settlement raised the revenue by 2 lakhs or 16 per cent. in the five
tdluks surveyed. The average assessment on `dry' land is Rs. 2
(maximum Rs. 4, minimum :R. 0--4), and on `wet' land Rs. 13
(maximum Rs. 20 minimum Rs. 6). The rates given for 'wet' lands