in igol was 3-2 lakhs. The tdluk is somewhat hilly, and its soils are
mostly sandy. Rice and sugar-cane are largely raised by tank-irriga-
tion. The Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railway passes through the
eastern portion. The paigdh tdluks of Narsapur, Hatnfira, and Nawab-
pet lie to the south, with populations of 15,567, 14,183, and 6,49
respectively. The two former consist of 39 villages each, and the
latter of 8 villages. Their respective areas are about 130, 128, and
26 square miles. The jdgir tdluk of Narsingi, with ri villages and
a population of 8,093, also lies to the south, and has an area of about
36 square miles. In 1905 some villages were added to the tdluk from
Ramayampet, while others were transferred from it to Kamareddipet
and Yellareddipet in Nizamabad.
Medak Town.-Head-quarters of the tdluk of the same name in
Medak District, Hyderabad State, situated in 18o 3' N. and 78° 26' E.
Population (1go1'), 8,511. The town is built on the northern and
eastern sides of a high hill, which was at one time strongly fortified.
The fortifications are said to have been built originally by a Warangal
Raja, but the present fort was constructed about the middle of the
sixteenth century. It contains a brass gun io feet long, cast at Rotter
dam for the Dutch in 1620. A Persian inscription on a slab in the
tdluk office alludes to the building of a mosque in 1641, on the ruins
of a demolished temple. A large mission school, with 180 pupils, and
several mission buildings stand north-east of the town.
Medak Gulshana.bā.d Division.-Division of the Hyderabad
State, formed in 1905 from the old BIDAR DIVISION. It includes four
Districts, as shown below: -
District. Area in square Population, and
miles. 1901. in thousands cesses,
Nizāmābād (Indūr) 3,282 467,367 16,11
Medak . 33447 536,027 15,52
Mahbribnagar 5,842 613,771 8,86
Nalgonda 4,913 823,121 15,53
Total 17,484 2,440,286 56,02
The density of population is 1,396 persons per square mile; and the
Division contains 1 i towns and 2,747 villages. The chief places of
commercial importance are the towns of NIZAMABAD, MEDAK, SADASEO
PET, SIDDIPET, MAHBUBNAGAR, NARAYANPET, NALGONDA, and BHON-
GIR. Medak, Nalgonda, and Bhongir are also places of historic interest.
The head-quarters of the Sfibahdar or Commissioner are at Patancherfi.
Medchal.--Crown Nluk in the north-east of the Atraf-i-balda Dis-
trict, Hyderabad State, also called the Shinzdli or I northern' tdluk,
with an area of 634 square miles. The population in igo1, including
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