The surface soil is generally light and sandy. In 1904-5 the land
revenue was Rs. 2, 5 i,ooo.
Mehsâna Town.-Head-quarters of the tczluka of the same name,
Kadi prŕnt, Baroda State, situated in 23° 42' N. and 720 37' E. Popu
lation (igoi), 9,393. The town is chiefly important as a railway centre,
for here the Gaikwâr's State railways from Kheralu, Pâtan, and Viram-
gâm converge to meet the main line of the Rajputâna-Mâlwâ Railway.
It is the most central town in the print, and in 1904 became the head-
quarters in place of Kadi. A magnificent building, which forms a con-
spicuous object close to the town, has recently been erected, partly for
the purposes of public offices and partly as a palace for the Gaikwâr.
Otherwise there are no buildings of any great mark. Mehsana is
administered by a municipality, receiving an annual grant of Rs. 4,700.
It possesses Anglo-vernacular and vernacular schools, a dispensary,
a magistrate's court, and local offices.
Mehwa,s Estates.-A group of six estates in the West Khândesh
District of Bombay, lying between 21° 3o' and 22° N. and 74 io' and
74 5o' E., in the extreme west of Khândesh, situated partly among the
western extremities of the Sâtpurâs, and partly on the low ground below
the hills, spanning the interval between the Narbadâ, and T5pti rivers.
Population (19oi), 14,639. The estimated gross yearly revenue is
Rs. 7o,ooo. The tract is broken and wild, and more or less covered
with forest; it is abundantly watered by mountain streams flowing
into the Narbadâ and Tâpti. The climate is unhealthy and feverish
from October to March. The estates are inhabited chiefly by Bhils,
with a sprinkling of Pâvras. In all parts there is a great deal of rich
black soil, but cultivation has much decreased since the famine of 19oo.
As the supply of grain does not meet the local demand, the people eke
out a living on fruits, roots, and other forest produce. The main
articles of trade are timber, mahud flowers and seed, and myrabolams.
The chieftains settle petty cases, but all important matters go before
the Collector and Assistant Collector, who are respectively Agent and
Assistant Agent. Civil and criminal justice are regulated by rules
framed under Act XI of 1846. The six estates are
Estates. Area in Number of Population, Gross Tribute paid
square miles. villages. 1901. receipts. to Government.
Chikhli . 200 38 3,579 15,813 ...
Kâthi 500 96 7,789 22,298 133
Raisingpur 200 8o 2,258 19,706 ...
Singpur . 20 4 524 8,129
Nâla 23 6 232 3,440 ...
Nawalpur 20 5 257 645 ...
Total 963 229 14,639 70,031 33