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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 275.


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NIF,IKTIIA DISTRICT 275
numbered 2,071 at the last Census, and the Karens (2,718), who
approach their northernmost limit in Burma proper in the Yamethin
hills. There were 14,536 Musalmans and 5,143 Hindus in rgor, of
whom the greater number, though not all, were natives of India.
Meiktila District.-District in the Meiktila Division of Upper
Burma, lying between 20 4o' and 210 25' N. and 950 28'and 96"35"1",.,
with an area of 2,183 square miles. It is the most easterly of the
Districts forming the dry zone of Burma, and is bounded on the north
by the Districts of Kyaukse and Myingyan ; on the south by Yamethin
and Magwe ; on the east by various small States of the Myelat division
of the Southern Shan States; and on the west by Myingyan and
Magwe. The District slopes generally from west to
east until the Samon river is reached, after which it Physical
aspects.
gradually rises again to meet the flanks of the outer-

most Shan hills. The central portion of the western boundary runs
along the crest of a ridge of moderate altitude, with parallel ridges of
lesser height on either side. Here the ground is rocky and boulder-
strewn, and the vegetation scanty, consisting mainly of stunted
trees and scrub. To the north and south of these ridges the country
in the west, though still high, becomes flatter, and for a considerable
distance east of the border the District is scored from north to south
by deep watercourses with precipitous sides. The Mahlaing town-
ship, occupying the north-western quarter, has an undttilating surface,
characterized by ridges running north and south. It has few level
plains, and the valleys are often so narrow that the fields look like
a winding river of grain. The south-western corner, comprising the
Meiktila township, is also of a rolling character, though here the
broken ground extends to a greater distance from the western
boundary than farther north. Bounding the Mahlaing township on
the east, and bisecting the District, is a ridge called the M nwin
kondan, extending from the northern boundary of the District to a
little south of Meiktila town. The town of Meiktila itself is built on
this ridge, at an altitude of about 8oo feet. Nearly parallel to the
kondan and about r2 miles distant from it on the east is another ridge,
known as the Pwemingyi kondan in the north, and the Tetbyindaung
in the south. Both ridges have a gravelly and practically uncultivable
soil. The intervening valley, 12 to 15 miles in width, runs the whole
length of the District, and is level and waterlogged in parts. Low
hills and stretches of rising ground, composed in part of nodular lime-
stone, are met with here and there, chiefly on the west. Meiktila is
almost the only District of Burma which possesses no navigable water-
ways. Its most important river is the Samon, which, rising in Yamethin,
enters Meiktila in the south-east near the foot of the Shan hills, and
flows due north into Kyaukse. It is not, however, navigable within
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