306 MERGUI DISTRICT
revenue was RS. 26,ooo. The following table shows, in thousands
of rupees, the growth under the main heads of revenue since
1880-1. 1890-1. 1900-1. 1903-4.
Land revenue . 83 98 1,58 1,66
Fisheries 12 22 70 go
Total revenue . 2,01 2,77 5,28 5,16
The District has not been settled. A cadastral survey of 577 square
miles was made between î89i and 1894, but there are still about
io,ooo acres of permanent cultivation not regularly surveyed. A topo-
graphical survey of 3,211 square miles, on the scale of one inch to
the mile, embracing most of the tin-mining areas, was carried out
between 1889 and 1893. Orchards in the Mergui township pay
Rs. 3 per acre; rice land, RS. 2 or Rs. 1-12 ; and vegetables, tobacco,
&c., R. 1.. In the thinly populated tracts the rates are less by about
The District cess fund had an income in 1903-4 of Rs. 18,700,
which is devoted to education and the maintenance of village headmen,
roads, and bungalows. MERGUI Town is the only municipality.
The civil police force consists of 3 inspectors, 6 head constables,
19 sergeants, and 180 men, under the District Superintendent. Siamese
are usually employed in Bokpyin and Maliwun. There are also
loo military police, employed in guarding treasure and escort duty.
A police station has been established at every township head-quarters,
with additional posts at Palauk, Lenya, and Marang. Besides the
training d6p6t at Mergui town, a police school has been established
at Victoria Point for Siamese constables. Mergui town has a jail, with
accommodation for 74 prisoners. The average number of inmates is
about 40. Long-term prisoners are removed to other jails to serve
out their sentences.
The standard of education is comparatively low for Burma. In
1901 only 20 per cent. (33•3 males and 5-4 females) were returned as
able to read and write. In 1904 there were 7 secondary, 45 primary,
and 59 elementary (private) schools, with 3,775 pupils (including
542 girls) on their rolls. The number of pupils has risen to this
figure from 1,985 in 1891 and 2,379 1n 1901. The total expenditure
on education in 1903-4 was Rs. 13,8oo, of which Provincial funds
provided Rs. 4,200; municipal fund, Rs. 3,6oo ; fees, Rs. 3,6oo ;
and the District cess fund, RS. 2,400.
The District contains 2 hospitals, with accommodation for 34 in-
patients. In 1903 the number of cases treated was 12,846, of whom
5r2 were in-patients, and 383 operations were performed. The total
cost was Rs. 6,ooo, chiefly met from Local funds.