of Musiri, from the top of which a 'good panorama of the Cauvery valley
can be obtained. The Turaiyur zanan&H lies in this Wuk. The
Kattuputtcir'mittah in the south-western 'corner is the only estate of
this description in the District, and 'was transferred from Salem in
`1851. It comprises five villages, and pays an annual peshkash of
Rs. 15,906. It was created 'by Government in r8oz and given to
Sarvottama Rao, then head 'sheristaddr of Salem.
1VCtissoorie (Mansitri).-Hill station and sanitarium in Debra Dun
District, United Provinces, situated in 30° 27' N. and 78' 5' E. It
stands on a ridge of the Outer Himalayas at a height of 6,ooo to 7,506
feet above sea-level, among beautiful and varied mountain scenery, and
forms practically one town with LANDOUR, where there is a convalescent
depot for troops. : The population of the municipality and cantonment
in the cold' season has varied from 2,753 in 1872 to 4,852 in iMr,
7;175 in 1891, and 6,461 in igor. In September, 19oo, the population
within municipal limits was i4,689, of whom 7,420 were Hindus, 3,424
Musalmans, and 3,660 Christians (mostly Europeans and Eurasians).
The cantonment population was 3,711, of whom '1,516 were Christians.
Mussoorie became a sanitarium in 1826, the year before Landour
was made a convalescent depot for troops, and has gradually become
one of the most popular health resorts in Northern India. Up to lgoo it
was reached by road from Saharanpur, 58 miles away, but the 'opening
of the Hardwar-Debra Railway has made it more accessible. Debra is
about 7. miles from Rijpuri, at the foot of the hills, from which Mus-
soorie is reached by a bridle-path 7 miles long or by 'a cart-road of
f4 miles. During the hot season the members of the District staff
reside for part of each month at Mussborie,: and it is the summer-headm
quarters of field parties of the Trigonometrical Survey of India. The , .
Mussoorie.-municipality was constituted in r85o, During the ten years
ending '19or the receipts averaged Rs. 71,8oo, besides loans from
Government, amounting to Rs. r,16,6oo, for water-works and sewerage.
In 1903-4 the receipts were 1•6 lakhs, including tax on houses and
land (Rs. 32,600), tolls (Rs. 50,060), conservancy'tax (Rs. rq,oo6)';
and the expenditure was 1,4 lakhs, including conservancy (Rs. 28,ooo),
water-supply (Rs. 13,060), general administration (Rs. 22,6oo), roads
. (Rs. 26,ooo), interest and debt (Rs. 7,ooo). The Bhilaru sewage
shoot for the disposal of refuse is the most important sanitary work,
carried out recently at a cost of Rs 70,000; schemes for an improved
water-supply and electric lighting are under consideration.
Mussoorie exists chiefly as a health resort, and the 'only manufacture
is, that of beer at two breweries, which employed 131 men in rgog and
made nearly half a million gallons of beer. It is of great importance.as
an educational centre for European and ~ Eurasian' children; and there
are nine schools for boys and five for girls of these classes, with. about