the subdivisional police officer at Myitkyina. The hills west of the
Irrawaddy are administered by the subdivisional officer of Mogaubg
and the township officer of Kamaing as civil officers. At the District
head-quarters are the akunwun in subordinate charge of the revenue,
and the treasury officer. Myitkyina is the head-quarters of the
Executive Engineer in charge of the Myitkyina Public Works division,
comprising the Myitkyina, Sadon, and Katha subdivisions; and of
the Deputy-Conservator of Forests in charge of the Myitkyina division,
which, except for a small area in the west, is conterminous with the
There are no special civil judges. The subdivisional and township
officers do all the civil work in their respective courts. Petty civil
cases in the Kachin hill tracts are settled by the duzeas or headmen.
Under the Kachin Hill Tribes Regulation of X895 the Deputy-Com-
missioner is vested with the powers of a Sessions judge in cases
arising in these tracts, the Commissioner confirming death sentences.
The duseas are also allowed to settle petty criminal cases according
to tribal custom. As in Bhamo District, the smuggling of opium from
China and the Kachin Hills is very common, and the District is never
wholly free from crimes of violence committed by the Kachins.
The revenue is made up of the thathameda tax, which is paid by
the non-Kachin population at the rate of Rs. ro per household; the
tribute levied from Kachins at the rate of Rs. 5 per house in the
tracts under the civil officers of Mogaung and Kamaing, and at a lower
rate elsewhere ; land revenue paid by all cultivated lands in the plains ;
royalty on minerals; and revenue from stamps, excise, and fisheries.
Nearly all the land is state land, the revenue payable being the value
of one-tenth of the gross produce (as fixed by the township officer with
the aid of assessors), except on lands given out on lease, on which
a rate of Rs. 1-8 per acre is levied, these being the only surveyed
lands in the District.
The growth of the revenue since the formation of the District is
shown in the following table, in thousands of rupees :----
18g5-6. 1 1900-1.
... 8 20
r,53 r,8o 7,88
The thathameda, which is at present the main source of revenue,
increased from Rs. 46,ooo in igoo-i to Rs. 73,000 in r903-4.
The income of the District fund, which is derived chiefly from bazars
and ferries, was Rs. r8,ooo in 1903-4. No municipalities have been
Under the District Superintendent of police are 2 Assistant Supcr-