258 N EWE DLSTRICT
and Madras. Many of the traders are Musalmans, and on the Nilgiri
road Lambanis are largely employed in trade. The large merchants)
who live chiefly in Mysore city, are for the most part of the Kunchigar
caste. They employ agents throughout the District to buy up the
grain, in many cases giving half the price in advance before the harvest
is reaped. A few men with capital are thus able to some extent to
regulate the market. Much of the trade of the country is carried on
by means of weekly fairs, which are largely resorted to; and at
Chunchankatte in the Yedatore taluk there is an annual fair which
lasts for a month. Upon these the rural population are mainly
dependent for supplies. The most valuable exports are grain, oilseeds,
sugar, and jaggery; and the most valuable imports are silk cloths, rice,
salt, piece-goods, ghi, cotton and cotton thread, and areca-nuts.
The Mysore State Railway from Bangalore to Nanjangud runs for
61 miles through the District from the north-east to the centre. The
length of Provincial roads is 33o miles, and of District fund roads
The District is virtually secured against famine by the extensive
system of irrigation canals drawn from the Cauvery
Famine. and its tributaries. In igoo some test works for
relief were opened for a short time in the Mandya tdluh.
The District is divided into fourteen tdluhs : CHeMRaJNAGAR, GUN-
DALPET, HEGGADADEVANKOTE, HUNSUR, KRISHNARAJPET, MALAVALLI,
MANDYA, MYSORE, NAGAMANGALA, NANJANGUD,
Administration. SERINGAPATAM, TIRUMAKfIDAL-NARS1PUR, YEDA-
TORE, and the YE1.ANDUR jdgar. It is under a Deputy-Commissioner,
and subject to "his control the tdluhs have been formed into the follow-
ing groups in charge of Assistant Commissioners: Mysore, Seringa-
patam, Mandya, and Malavalli, with head-quarters at French Rocks;
Nagamangala and Krishnarajpet, with head-quarters at Krishnarajpet;
Chamrajnagar, Nanjangud, Gundalpet, and Tirumakudal-Narsipur,
with head-quarters at Nanjangud ; Heggadadevankote, Hunsur, and
Yedatore, with head-quarters at Mysore city.
There are District and Subordinate judge's courts at Mysore city,
whose jurisdiction extends over Hassan District, besides two Munsifs'
courts; in addition, there are Munsifs at Seringapatam and Nanjangud.
Dacoity is not infrequent.
The land revenue and total revenue are shown below, in thousands
of rupees :-