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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 18, p. 262.


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262 NAB AD WIP
population are Musalmans is significant. Nabadwip is reputed to have
been founded in the twelfth century by Lakshman Sen, son of Ballal
Sen, king of Bengal. It was captured by Muhammad-i-Bakhtyar Khilji
in 1203- It has long been famous for its sanctity and learning, and its
pandits are still referred to on questions of Hindu religion and pre
cedent. Here towards the-end of the fifteenth century was born the
great Vaishnava reformer, Chaitanya, in whose honour a festival,
attended by some 8,ooo or io,ooo pilgrims, is held annually in
January-February. The famous tols or Sanskrit schools are referred
to in the article on NAniA DISTRICT. The town was constituted a
municipality under the name of Nadia in 1869. The income during
the decade ending 1901-2 averaged Rs. 7,ooo, and the expenditure
Rs. 6,ooo. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 9,ioo, mainly from a
tax on persons (or property tax ; and the expenditure was Rs. 8,7.00.
The lodging-houses in the town are regulated under Bengal Act IV of
1871. Brass utensils are manufactured.
Nabha State.-One of the Phulkian States, Punjab. Its total area
is 966 r square miles ; and it consists of two distinct parts, of which the
larger lies between 3o 8' and 30 42' N. and 74 so' and 76 24' F:,
while the second, which forms the nizdmat of Bawal, lies in the
extreme south-east of the Punjab and is distinct in all respects from
the rest of the State. The main portion comprises twelve separate
pieces of territory, scattered among the other two Phulkian States of
Patiala and Jind, and contiguous with the British Districts of Feroze-
pore and Ludhiana and the State of Maler Kotla on the north, and
the District of Faridkot on the west. This portion is
Physical
aspects divided into two administrative districts or nizdmats,
.
which correspond with its natural divisions, the
Amloh nizdmat lying in the fertile tract called the Pawadh, and
the Phal nizd1nat in the -vast arid tract called the Jangal or waste.
Bawal is geographically a part of the Rajputana desert. The State
contains no important streams; and the level plain over which its
territories are scattered is broken, within the limits of the State, only
by the shifting sandhills of Phial and the low rocky eminences, outliers
of the Aravalli system, which stud the south of Bawal.
The flora of Phial and Amloh is that of the Central Punjab,
approaching in the south-west that of the desert. In Bawal it is the
same as in the neighbouring States of Rajputana. The fauna is the
same as in the Patiala plains and in Jind. Statistics are not avail
able, but the rainfall is heaviest in Amloh and lightest in Bawal. The
climate of Bawal and Phul is dry, hot, and healthy. Amloh, with its
r These figures do not agree with the area given in Table III of the article on the
PUNJAB and in the population table on p. 265 of this article, which is the area returned
in 1go1, the year of the latest Census. They are taken from more recent returns.
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