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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 18, p. 263.

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soil of rich loam and high spring-level, is the least salubrious part of
the State.
The earlier history of Nabha is that of the PHULK1AN STATES, till it
became a separate State in 1763. After the capture of the town of
Sirhind by the confederate Sikhs in that year, the
greater part of the old imperial province oŁ the same History.
name was divided among the Phalkian houses ; and the country round
Amloh fell to Hamir Singh, then chief of Nabha, who thus became its
Raja. In 1774, however, Gajpat Singh, Raja of Jlnd, wrested Sangrur
from his hands, and also took A mloh and Bhadson. The two last
places were restored to the Raja of Nabha on the intervention of
Patiala, but Sangrur has ever since remained a part of the Jind State.
In 1776 the Phalkian Rajas combined to resist the attack of the
Muhammadan governor of Hansi, who had been sent by the Delhi
government to attack Jind ; and after his defeat Rori fell to Hamir
Singh as his share of the conquests. In 1733 Hamir Singh was suc-
ceeded by his minor son Jaswant Singh, the Ran! Desu, one of his
widows, acting as regent till 1790. She recovered most of the territory
which had been seized by Jind ; and after the death of Gajpat Singh in
1789 the feud between the two powers was forgotten, while in 1798
a common danger compelled them to unite with the other Sikh chiefs
and prepare to resist the invasion of Zaman Shah Durrani. While so
engaged at Lahore, intelligence reached the Phalkian Rajas that the
adventurer George Thomas was besieging Jind, and they hurried back
to its relief. In the fighting that ensued the Sikhs were utterly de-
feated, and accused the Nabha chief of lukewarmness in the common
cause ; and it is certain that he took no part in the struggle. In 18oi,
however, Nabha was included in the treaty with General Perron, by
which, in return for the expulsion of Thomas from their territories, the
Cis-Sutlej chiefs agreed to submit to the Marathas. In 1804 Jaswant
Singh entered into friendly relations with Lord Lake; and when
Holkar halted at Nabha in 1805, on his way to Lahore, the Raja,
held to his engagement with the British and refused him assistance.
War, however, soon after broke out between the Ran! of Patiala on the
one hand and the Rajas of Nabha and Jind on the other. Jaswant
Singh was defeated and joined the Raja of Jind in invoking the aid
of Ranjit Singh, who in 18o6 crossed the Sutlej and halted at Nabha.
Here he did little to reconcile the contending powers, but proceeded
to dismember the Muhammadan State of Maler Kotla, assigning to
Jaswant Singh portions of the'Kot Basia, Talwandi, and Jagraon
dependencies of that State, with part of Ghumgrana. In 1807-8
Ranjit Singh again made expeditions into the Cis-Sutlej States, and
in 18o8 Jaswant Singh received from him the principality of Khanna.
But in spite of the grants thus made, the policy of Ranjit Singh
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