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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 18, p. 264.

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excited the deep distrust of the chiefs, who in 18o9 threw themselves
upon the protection of the British Government, and Ranjit Singh
desisted from all further attempts to extend his dominions south of
the Sutlej. jaswant Singh's ability had raised the State at this period
to a high pitch of prosperity. It was well cultivated and the total
revenue amounted to 15 lakhs. He was, however, involved in con-
stant disputes with Patiala concerning the boundaries of the two States,
and his last years were embittered by the rebellions of his son, who
predeceased him. On his death in 184o he was succeeded by his
only surviving son, Deoindar Singh, a timid and vacillating man, who
during the first Sikh War in 1845 sympathized with the Sikh invaders,
his conduct in regard to carriage and supplies required from him in
accordance with treaty being dilatory and suspicious in the extreme.
After the battles of Mudki and Ferozeshah, however, supplies were
sent in abundance, and when the final victory of Sobraon was gained
the whole resources of the State were placed at the disposal of the
British Government. An official investigation was made into the
conduct of the chief, with the result that he was deposed, but received
a pension of Rs. 5o,ooo a year. Nearly a fourth of the territory was
also confiscated, a part of it being bestowed upon the Patiala and
Faridkot States in reward for their loyalty. His eldest son, Bharpur
Singh, was placed in power in 1847. At the time of the Mutiny in
1857 this chief showed distinguished loyalty, and was rewarded by
a grant of the territory which forms the present Bawal nizdmat, then
worth Rs. 1,o6,ooo per annum, on the usual condition of political and
military service at any time of general danger. In addition, the sanad
of 186o conferred on the Nabha Raja privileges similar to those con-
ferred at the same time on the chiefs of Patiala and find. Bharpur
Singh died in 1863, and was succeeded by his brother, Fhagwan Singh,
who died without issue in 1871. By the sanad granted in 186o, it was
provided that, in a case of failure of male heirs to any one of the three
Phulkian houses, a successor should be chosen from among the de-
scendants of Ph[tl by the two chiefs and the representative of the
British Government; and Hira Singh, the present Raja, was accord-
ingly selected. He was born about 1843. The Raja is entitled to
a salute of 15 guns, including 4 personal to the present chief.
The State contains 4 towns and 488 villages. Its population at
the last three enumerations was : (1881) 261,824, (1891) 282,756, and
(1901) 297,949 It is divided into three nizamats:
Population. AMLOH and BAWAL, with their head-quarters at the
town from which each is named; and PHUL, with its head-quarters at
DHANAULA. NABHA is the capital of the State.
The following table shows the chief statistics of population in
1901 '.-
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