between two hills. Population (1901), 5,889. On the northern hill
stands Shah Latif's tomb, and on the southern is a strong fortress
surrounded with masonry wall. The town was formerly named Nilgiri
by its Rajput rulers, but its present name was given after its conquest .
by Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah. Nalgonda contains a spacious sarai
built by Mir Alam, a Hindu temple, a travellers' bungalow, and a busy
market called Osmanganj, the usual offices, a post office, a dispensary,
a District jail, a middle school with 256 boys, and a girls' school.
A British post office is situated in Nakrekal, 12 miles from Nalgonda.
There is also a tannery, 2 miles distant from the town.
Nalhati.-Village in the Rampur Hat subdivision of Birbhum
District, Bengal, situated in 24° 18' N. and 87' So' E., on the East
Indian Railway, 145 miles from Calcutta. Population (1901), 2,636.
Nalhati is said to have been the capital of a traditional Hindu
monarch, Raja Nala, and traces of the ruins of his palace are
pointed out on a hillock called Nalhati Zila, close to the village.
Another legend connects the name with a temple to Nalateswari,
and it is here that the nala or throat of the goddess Sat! is said
to have fallen. The Azimganj branch of the East Indian Railway
joins the loop-line at Nalhati, and it is an important centre of the
Nalia.-Petty State in REw2i KANTHA, Bombay.
Nalitabari.-Village in the Jamalpur subdivision of Mymensingh
District, Eastern Bengal and Assarn, situated in 25° 5' N. and
90° 13' E., about 13 miles north-east of Sherpur. Population (igoi),
620. It is one of the most important marts in the north of the
District, and a large quantity of cotton produced in the Garo Hills
is brought to market here, as well as all kinds of country produce.
Naliya. -Town in the State of Cutch, Bombay, situated in
23° 18' N. and 68' 54' E. Population (igoi), 6,o8o. This is one
of the most thriving towns in Cutch. It is walled and well built,
and has a class of prosperous traders, being the residence of retired
merchants who have made their fortunes in Bombay or Zanzibar.
It contains a dispensary.
Nallamalais (I Black Hills').-The name locally given to a section
of the EASTERN GHATS which lies chiefly in the three westernmost
tdluhs of Kurnool District, Madras, between r4° 26' and r6° o' N.
and q8° 39" and 79° 23' E. The range runs nearly north and south
for 9o miles from the Kistna river (which flows among its northern-
most spurs in a deep and wildly picturesque channel) to the Penner
in Cuddapah District, and averages from 1,500 to 2,000 feet in eleva
tion. The highest points in it are Bhairani Konda (3,048 feet), just
north-west of Cumbum, and Gundla Brahmeswara (2,964 feet), due
west of that place. Down the slopes of the latter runs a torrent,