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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 18, p. 370.


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370
NA RA INA
Naraina.-Head-quarters of the tdluk or subdivision of the same
name in the Sambhar nizdmat of the State of Jaipur, Rajputana,
situated in 26 48' N. and 75 13' E., on the Rajputana-MAlwa Rail-
way, 41 miles west of Jaipur city, and 43 miles north-east of Ajmer.
Population (1901), 5,266. The town possesses 5 schools attended
by 16o boys, and a post office.
The place is famous as the head-quarters of the sect of Dada-
panthis, from whom the foot-soldiers of the State, called Nagas, are
recruited. The Dadapanthis of Rajputana numbered 8,871 in igoi,
and 8,61o of them, or over 97 per cent., were enumerated in the
State of Jaipur. Dada, the founder of the sect, is said to have
lived in the time of Akbar, and to have died in 1603 near the lake
at Naraina. The cardinal points of his teaching were the equality
of all men, strict' vegetarianism, total abstinence from the use of
liquor, and lifelong celibacy. His precepts, which numbered 5,000,
are all in verse and are embodied in a book called the Bdni, which
is kept in a sanctuary known as the Dadudwara. After Dada's
death his followers were divided into two sects : namely, the Vir-
aktas, who profess to have renounced the world and its pleasures,
live on alms, spend their time in contemplation and in imparting
the teachings of Dada to others, and are usually distinguishable by
the strip of red cloth which they wear; and the Sadhus or Swamis,
including the section called Ndga. The latter name, which means
`naked,' is said to have been applied to them in consequence of
the scantiness of the dhoti or loin-cloth which they used to wear.
Strict celibacy being enjoined, the DAdapanthis recruit their num-
bers by adoption from all but the lowest classes of Hindus and
Musalmans. In the cases of Nagas, the adopted boys are at once
trained in the profession of arms, and thus develop into men of
fine physique. During the Mutiny the Nagas were the only body
of men really true to the Darbar, and it has been stated that,
but for them, the so-called regular army of Jaipur would have re-
belled.
Narainganj.-Subdivision and town in Dacca District, Eastern
Bengal and Assam. See NAR2iYANGANJ.
Naraingarh.--Tahsil of Ambala District, Punjab, lying at the foot
of the Himalayas, between 30 19' and 30 45' N. and 76 52' and
77 1g' E., with an area of 436 square miles. The population in 19o1
was 131,042, compared with 141,326 in 1891. It contains the town of
SADHAURA (population, 9,812), and 317 villages, of which Naraingarh
is the head-quarters. The land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted
to 23 lakhs. The tahsil includes a tract of hilly country on the north,
culminating in the Karoh peak, 4,919 feet above the sea. The lower
hills are devoid of vegetation ; and below them comes a tract of rough
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