422 NAVANAGAR TOWN
4 miles in circuit, with a large trade. In the sea, north of the town,
are some beds of pearl oysters; but the pearls are of inferior quality and
the fishery appears to be mismanaged. The out-turn realizes about
Rs. 4,ooo annually. The town is also known for silken and gold
embroidery, for incense and perfumed oils, and for the kanku or red
powder which is used to make the sectarian mark on the forehead of
Hindus. The value of imports at Bedi in 1903-4 was 17•2 lakbs, and
of the exports 5•3 lakhs. The dyeing is famous, and the water of the
Rangmati river is supposed to be especially favourable to this industry.
The climate is pleasant, and the palaces of Kotha, Lakhota, &c., are
very picturesque. Large quantities of plantains are grown in the
Navanagar gardens. Near by is the tomb of Jasa Ladhak. The town
possesses a clock-tower and a vegetable market.
Navarangapur. Zaminddri tahsil of Vizagapatam District, Madras.
Navsari Prant.-A prdnt or district of the Baroda State. It is
the most southerly of the four prints into which the Gaikwar's territory
is divided, and is much intermingled with the British District of Surat.
It is bounded on the north by Broach and the. Rewa Kantha Agency;
on the south by Surat District, Bansda, and the Dangs ; on the east
by Khandesh ; and on the west by Surat and the Arabian Sea. Its
area is 1,952 square miles, and it is traversed by the Kim, Tapti,
Mindhola, Purna, and Ambika rivers. Two natural divisions may be
mentioned: the rdni or forest tdlukas, and the rdsti or peaceful and
populous tdlukas. The climate of the former is at all times
malarious, though least so in the hot season, and the water is full of
organic matter; but the rdsti mahdls are considered to be healthy.
The nini tdlukas lie in the east, and contain ranges of hills varying
from 400 to 2,000 feet above sea-level, while the peak of Salher rises to
5,263 feet. Hot springs are found at Unhai in the Vyara tdluka.
The land is largely under cultivation, especially on the lower ground.
Where the general surface is fairly raised above the level of streams,
there is a good deal of grass and a fair quantity of Cassia auriculata.
The hedges round fields include various species of Capparideae, such
as Maesua, Cadaba, and Cap paris, with several Euphorbiaceae, such as
Euphorbia antiquorum and Jatropha Curcas, and species of Zizyphus
and Grewia ; Streblus asper is also frequent. The climbers in these
hedges include Leguminosae like Canavalia, Asclepzadaceae like Deamia,
and various Convolvulaceae. Weeds in waste ground include Argemone
mexicana, Tridax procumbens, Achyranthes aspera, Calotropis gigantea,
and Tephrosia purpurea; field-weeds include such species as Biophytum
sensitivum, Blumea eriantha, Launaea nudicaulis, Slemodaa viscosa,
Panieum prostratum, and Dinebra arabica. In the neighbourhood
of dwellings are many planted sub-spontaneous species, such as