276 OSMJNABAD TO WN
Osmanabad, Hyderabad State, situated in i8° r1' N. and 76° 3' E.,
43 miles north of Sholapur and 32 miles east of Barsi town. Popula
tion (rgor), ro,6o7. It lies in the Balaghat, and was formerly known
as Dharaseo. The offices of the First, Second, and Third Talukdars,
the District engineer, Customs Superintendent, and the District civil
court are all located here. Besides these, Osmanabad contains several
schools, a State and a British sub-post office, and a dispensary.
While the District was temporarily ceded to the British, from 1853 to
1860, the head-quarters were removed here from NALDRUG, owing
to the healthy climate of the place. It is a great centre of trade.
Two miles north-east of the town is a group of seven caves, four of
which are Jain, while the others are probably Vaishnava.
Osmannagar.-A tdluk formerly in Nander District, Hyderabad
State, with an area of 2go square miles. The population in rgo1,
including jdgirs, was 37,667, compared with 48,355 in r8gr, the
decrease being due to the famine of rgao. The land revenue in lgor
amounted to 1-2 lakhs. In 1905 the tdluk was broken up, part being
transferred to Biloli, and part to Kandahar.
Ottappidaram.-North-east tdluk of Tinnevelly District, Madras,
lying between 8° 41' and 9° 22' N. and 77° 41' and 78° 23' E., with an
area of 1,072 square miles. The population in 1901 was 358,568,
compared with 342,145 in 18g r ; the density is nearly 335 persons per
square mile. The tdluk contains two towns, TUTICORIN (population,
28,048) and ETTAIYAPURAM (8,788); and 394 villages. The demand
for land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to Rs. 3,45,ooo. By
far the largest portion is zaminddri land, the estates comprised in it
including ETTAIYAPURAM, the biggest in the District. It is almost
entirely a wide plain of black cotton soil, though to the west and south
a considerable area is red sand and loam. Rainfall is very scanty and
there is little 'wet' cultivation, but cotton is grown very largely
and sent to Tuticorin for export.
Otnr.-Village in the Junnar tdluka of Poona District, Bombay,
situated in rg° r6' N. and 73° 59' E., about 50 miles north-north-west
of Poona city. Population (1go1), 6,392. Towards the close of
Maratha rule the tract of country round Otur was much desolated by
inroads of Khandesh hhils, for security against whom a high fort was
built at Otur. In the neighbourhood are two temples: one dedicated
to Keshav Chaitanya, the guru or spiritual preceptor of the celebrated
Tukaram ; and the other a shrine of the god Mahadeo, in whose honour
an annual fair, attended by about 2,ooo persons, is held in August or
September. Otur contains one boys' school with 287 pupils and one
girls' school with 54.
Ouchterlony Valley.-A beautiful valley in the Gfidalur tdluk of
the Nilgiri District, Madras, lying between 11' 23' and I I° 3o' N. and