Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. vi.
vi INTRODUCTORY NOTES
same quantity, but the quantity to be obtained for the same amount
of money. In other words, prices in India are quantity prices, not
money prices. When the figure of quantity goes up, this of course
means that the price has gone down, which is at first sight perplexing
to an English reader. It may, however, be mentioned that quantity
prices are not altogether unknown in England, especially at small
shops, where pennyworths of many groceries can be bought. Eggs,
likewise, are commonly sold at a varying number for the shilling.
If it be desired to convert quantity prices from Indian into English
denominations without having recourse to money prices (which would
often be misleading), the following scale may be adopted-based
upon the assumptions that a seer is exactly a lb., and that the value
of the rupee remains constant at is. 4d.: r seer per rupee= (about)
3 lb. for Zs. ; z seers per rupee = (about) 6 lb. for zs. ; and so on.
The name of the unit for square measurement in India generally
is the bigha, which varies greatly in different parts of the country.
But areas have always been expressed throughout the Gazetteer either
in square miles or in acres.
PUNJAB . . . to facep. 394
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