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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 26.


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26 PATAN TOWN
known by the names of Yellondesi and Lalita Patan. The latter name
is derived from Lalit, the founder of the city. Its general aspect is
much the same as that of the capital [Katmandu]. The streets are
as narrow and dirty, the gutters as offensive, and the temples even
more numerous; but it appears much more dilapidated than Katmandu,
many of the houses and temples being in ruins. - The main square,
however, in the centre of the town, is very handsome. On one side is
the old Darbar with a fine brazen gateway, guardian lions, and endless
carvings. In front of this are monoliths, with the usual figures on
them, and behind these a row of handsome old temples of every
description. The parade-ground lies to the south-east of the town,
the road to it passing through a suburb abounding in pigs. The
parade-ground is extensive, and there are several large tanks to the
west, while on the southern side stands a huge Buddhist temple of
the most primitive description. This temple is merely a mound or
dome of brickwork, covered with earth. There is a small shrine at
each of the cardinal points, and on the top what looks like a wooden
ladder. Many similar mound-temples or chaityas exist in and around
Patan. The population of the town is said to be about 30,000, mainly
Newars.'
From the early part of the seventeenth century Patan was one of the
three petty Newar States in the Valley of Nepal, and its quarrels with
its neighbours at Katmandu and Bhatgaoll paved the way for its
conquest by the Gurkhas in 1768-9. The town is now garrisoned by
the Gurkha government.
Patan.-District and head-quarters thereof in the uundi State,
Rajputana. See KLSHORAI PATAN.
Patancheru.-Village in the KalabgCir taluh of Medak District,
Hyderabad State, situated in 17 32' N. and 78 16' E. Population
(igoi), 1,886. It was formerly the head-quarters of the Subahdar
(Commissioner) of the Bidar Division, and is still the head-quarters of
the Commissioner of the Medak Gulshanabad Division. Groups of
underground Hindu temples are said to exist in the vicinity of the
village, buried under the sand. Some old copper coins were recently
discovered here. A pillar bearing the zodiacal signs, sculptured in
a circle around a lotus or conventional representation of the sun, is
an interesting relic. The place contains many buildings and tombs
of Musalman origin.
Pataudi State.-Native State in the Punjab, under the political con-
trol of the Commissioner of the Delhi Division, lying between z8 14'
and a8 zz' N. and 76 42' and 76 52' E., in the midst of the British
District of Gurgaon. Its area is 52 square miles; population (rgoi),
21,933 i and it contains one town, PATAUDI (population, 4,171), the
capital, and 40 villages. It consists of a level plain, badly watered,
except in a few villages to which floods give occasional irrigation. The
ruling chief of Pataudi is descended from a saintly Afghan family,
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