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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 62.


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6 z PATNA DL47W'ICT
The principal imports are rice, paddy, salt, coal, kerosene oil;
European cotton piece-goods, and gunny bags; and the principal
exports are wheat, linseed, pulses, mustard seed, hides, sugar, tobacco,
and opium. A large amount of trade is carried by the railway, but the
bulk of it is still transported by river. Patna city, with its 7 or 8 miles
of river frontage in the rains and 4 miles in the dry season, is the great
centre for all the river-borne trade. It is by far the largest mart in the
District, and its commanding position for both rail and river traffic
makes it one of the principal commercial centres of Bengal. Goods
received by rail are there transferred to country boats, bullock-carts, &c.,
to be distributed throughout the neighbourhood, which in return sends
its produce to be railed to Calcutta and elsewhere. The river trade
is carried by country boats and river steamers between Patna and
Calcutta and other places on the Ganges and Nadia Rivers, and by
country boats between Patna and Nepal. Trade has declined very
greatly of late years, largely owing to the reduced freight charged by the
railways on goods booked direct to Calcutta. Other important markets
are DINAPORL, BIHAR, BARH, MOKAMEH, Islampur, FATWA, and
HILSA. The principal trading castes are Telis, Baniyas, and Agarwals.
The transport by river is mostly in the hands of Musalmans, Tiyars,
and Mallahs, while the road traffic is almost monopolized by Goalas
and Kurmis.
The main line of the East Indian Railway runs through the north of
the District for 84 miles from east to west, entering at Dumra station
and leaving at the Son bridge. The chief stations are at Mokameh,
Barh, Bakhtiyarpur, Patna, Bankipore, and Dinapore. From Bankipore
one branch line runs to Gaya, and another to Gigha Ghat in connexion
with the Bengal and North-Western Railway ferry-steamer which
crosses the Ganges to the terminus of that railway at Sonpur. A third
branch line from Mokameh to Mokameh Ghat establishes another
connexion with the Bengal and North-Western Railway. A light
railway (18 miles in length.) connects Bakhtiyarpur and Bihar. Ex-
clusive of 673 miles of village tracks, the District contains 614 miles
of road. Of these 132 miles are metalled; 1o miles are maintained
from Provincial and 17 from municipal funds, and the remainder, by
the District board. The chief road crosses the north of the District
through Barh, Patna city, Bankipore, and Dinapore, leading from
Monghyr on the east to Arrah on the west. Other important roads
are those from Bankipore to Palamau, from Bankipore to Gaya, from
Fatwa to Gaya, and from Bakhtiyarpur through Bihar to Hazaribagh.
The Ganges and the Son are the only rivers navigable throughout
the year. The former is navigable by steamers, and daily services
run between D-3gha and Goalundo, Digha and Buxar, and Digha
and -Barhaj,- with- an extended run every fourth day to Ajodhya
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