100 PEG U YOMA
river and several of the tributaries of the Sittang, while to the west it
sends down no stream of importance, but its more southerly hills hold
the springs of the various watercourses that swell the volume of the
Myitmaka or Hlaing river, upon the banks of which Rangoon is built.
The Yoma is of no great height, its loftiest peak being only about
2,000 feet above the level of the sea, but it is steep and rugged. Its
geological structure is simple. The beds composing it have been
thrown into gentle broad synclines and anticlines, and their sands and
shales probably overlie conformably the Nummulitics on the eastern
slopes of the ARAKAN YOMA. A portion of the range is no doubt
of miocene age, but it is probable that representatives of other geo-
logical groups are present in it. The forests are rich in teak and other
valuable timber, the bulk of which is floated down the Myitmaka to
Rangoon. The inhabitants of the Yoma are for the most part Karens ;
but in the north, on the borders of Prome, Magwe, Toungoo, and
Thayetmyo Districts, there are a few villages of Chins, the only known
representatives of the race in any strength to the east of the Irrawaddy.
They appear to have come from the Arakan Yoma, but the date of
their migration is doubtful.
Pehowa.-Ancient town and place of pilgrimage in the Kaithal
tahsil of Karnal District, Punjab, situated in 29' 59'* N. and 76' 35' E.,
on the sacred Saraswat! river, r6 miles west of Thanesar. It lies
in KURUKSHETRA, and its name is a corruption of the Sanskrit
Prithudaka, the `pool of Prithu,' the son of Raja Vena. Two inscrip-
tions dating from the end of the ninth century A. D., found at Pehowa,
show that it was then included in the dominions of Bhoja and his son
Mehendrapala, kings of Kanauj. The more important inscription
records the erection of a triple temple to Vishnu by a Tomar family;
but no traces of ancient buildings remain, the modern shrines having
been erected within the last century. After the rise of the Sikhs to
power Pehowa came into the possession of the Bhais of Kaithal, whose
palace is now used as a resthouse ; but with Kaithal it lapsed to the
British Government, and has since lost its importance, the population
having decreased from 3,408 in 1881 to 2,o8o in Igor. It is still,
however, a place of pilgrimage; and close to it are the temples of
Pirthudakeshwar or PirthCiveshwar, built by the Marathas during their
supremacy in honour of the goddess Saraswati (Sarsuti) and of Swami
Kartik. The latter is said to have been originally founded before
the war of the Mahabharata in honour of the war-god Kartaya. The
town has a dispensary.
Peikthano (or Paikthado). - Ancient capital in Upper Burma.
See MAGWE DISTRICT.
Peint.-Formerly a Native State, and now a taluka of Nasik Dis-
trict, Bombay, lying between 20° r' and 20° 32' N. and 73' 15' and