PINJA UR TAMIL
Pindi Gheb Tahsil.-Tahsil of Attock District, Punjab, lying
between 33° o' and 33° 47' N. and 71° 42' and 72° 4o' E., with an area
of 1,499 square miles. The Indus bounds it on the north-west. Its
highest point lies in the KALA-CHITTA range. The tahsil is mainly
a bleak, dry, undulating and often stony tract, broken by ravines, and
-sloping from east to west: a country of rough scenery, sparse popula
tion, and scanty rainfall. West along the Indus are the ravines and
pebble ridges which surround Makhad. Only near Pindi Gheb town
does the broad bed of the Sil river show a bright oasis of cultivation
among the dreary uplands which compose the rest of the tahsil. The
population in 1901 was 106,437, compared with 99,350 in 189x. It
contains the town of PINlli GHEB (population, 8,452), the head-quarters;
and 134 villages. The land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to
1 -9 lakhs.
Pindi Gheb Town.-Head-quarters of the subdivision and tahsil
of the same name in Attock District, Punjab, situated in 33° 14' N•
and 72° 16' E., 21 miles from Jand station on the North-Western
Railway. Population (1901), 8,452. Formerly known as Pindi
Malika-i-Shahryar or Malika-i-Auliya, or 'queen of the saints,' it
derives its modern name from the Gheba tribe of Jats, and is now the
ancestral home of the Jodhra Maliks, who founded it in the thirteenth
century. The municipality was created in 1873. The income and
expenditure during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 4,400.
In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 5,200, chiefly from octroi; and the
expenditure was Rs. 5,8oo. A vernacular middle school is maintained
by the municipality, and a dispensary by Government.
Pinjaur Nizamat.--A nizimat or administrative district of the
Patiala State, Punjab, lying between 30° 4' and 31° 11' N. and 76° 29'
and 77° 22' E., with an area of 784 square miles. The population
in 1901 was 212,866, compared with 226,379 in 1891, dwelling in one
town, BANUR, and 1,588 villages. The land revenue and cesses
in 1903-4 amounted to 6-5 lakhs. The nizimat forms the north-
eastern part of the State, and is divided into four tahsils-RniPURA,
BANUR, PINJAUR, and GHANAUR. Of these, the first lies in the
Himalayan area, and the other three in the Pawadh. The country
is scarred by torrent-beds, and is characterized by a peculiar subsoil
which makes irrigation from wells difficult. The head-quarters are at
Rajpura. PINJAUR VILLAGE is a place of some antiquity.
Pinjaur Tahsil.-North-eastern tahsil of the Pinjaur nizimat;
Patiala State, Punjab, lying between 30° 41' and 31° 11' N. and
76° 5o' and 77° 22' E., with an area of 294 square miles. The
population in 1901 was 55,731, compared with 56,745 in 1891. The
tahsil contains 1,136 villages, of which PINJAUR is the head-quarters.
The land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to Rs. 84,000.